Adios, Internet Explorer: Microsoft Retires Its Iconic Web Browser

Microsoft announced last year that it would no longer support Internet Explorer. Finally, on June 15th, Internet Explorer (IE) was retired after 26 years of service. It was a vital component of the Information Age, and its popularity fluctuated emotionally when it was the primary method for accessing the internet. The browser, which was first released in 1995 as an add-on package for Windows 95, is being phased out due to declining user numbers. While the browser had around 95 percent of users in 2003, its position gradually declined as newer and faster competitors entered the tech market. Several users began to complain that Internet Explorer was slow, prone to crashes, and vulnerable to hacks.

In the remembrance of Internet Explorer, let’s dive into its history of evolution.

Overview of Internet Explorer

Death of Internet Explorer
Source: knowlab

Beginning in 1995, Internet Explorer (previously Microsoft Internet Explorer and Windows Internet Explorer, commonly abbreviated IE or MSIE) was a series of graphical internet browsers created by Microsoft and remembered for the Microsoft Windows line of working frameworks. That year, it was released as part of the Plus! extra bundle for Windows 95.

Later versions were available as free downloads or in-administration packs and were remembered for the first hardware manufacturer (OEM) administration arrival of Windows 95 and subsequent renditions of Windows. In 2016, new component development for the program was halted for the new program Microsoft Edge. Microsoft 365 will stop supporting Internet Explorer on August 17, 2021, and Microsoft Teams will stop supporting IE on November 30, 2020.

History of Internet Explorer

Before web browsers and wikipedia
Source: Wikipedia

From 1995 to 2013, Microsoft released eleven versions of Internet Explorer for Windows. Microsoft has also developed Internet Explorer for Mac, Internet Explorer for UNIX, and Internet Explorer Mobile for the Apple Macintosh, Unix, and cell phones, respectively. The initial two are stopped, yet the last option runs on Windows CE, Windows Mobile, and Windows Phone.

Where it all began (1995-1997)

The principal Internet Explorer was gotten from Spyglass Mosaic. The first Mosaic came from NCSA, yet since NCSA was a public substance it depended on Spyglass as its business permitting accomplice. Spyglass thus delivered to Microsoft two variants of the Mosaic program, one completely based on the NCSA source code and the other designed without any preparation but thoughtfully displayed on the NCSA program. Internet Explorer was initially built using Spyglass rather than NCSA source code. The license to Microsoft provided Spyglass (and thus NCSA) with a quarterly fee as well as a percentage of Microsoft’s revenue for the product.

The program was then modified and distributed as Internet Explorer. In August 1995, Microsoft released Internet Explorer 1.0 in two packages: retail as a Microsoft Plus add-on for Windows 95 and as a concurrent OEM release of Windows 95. A while later, version 1.5 was released for Windows NT, with support for essential table delivery, a significant early web standard. Adaptation 2.0 was released in November 1995 for both Windows 95 and Windows NT, highlighting SSL support, treats VRML, and Internet forums.

Internet Explorer Rendition 2

In April 1996, Adaptation 2.0 was also released for the Macintosh and Windows 3.1. Rendition 2 was also remembered for Microsoft’s Internet Starter Kit for Windows 95 in mid-1996, which included a how-to book and 30 days of MSN Internet access, among other things. Internet Explorer 3.0 was distributed for free in August 1996 by bundling it with Windows 95, another OEM release. In this manner, Microsoft made no immediate profits from IE and was only responsible for paying Spyglass the base quarterly expense. Spyglass undermined Microsoft in 1997 with a legally binding review, as a result of which Microsoft agreed to pay US$8 million.

Internet Mail and News 1.0, as well as the Windows Address Book, was included in Variant 3. It also brought the program much closer to the Netscape standard, including the use of Netscape’s modules innovation (NPAPI), ActiveX, outlines, and a figured-out variant of JavaScript called JScript. Following that, Microsoft NetMeeting and Windows Media Player were integrated into the product, making partner applications less important than they once were. CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) was also introduced in the Internet Explorer 3 version.

Internet Explorer & the legendary Browser wars (1997-2001)

Browser wars and Internet Explorer
Source: PNGwing

Variant 4 was released in September 1997, along with Windows 95 OSR (OEM Service Release) 2.5 and the most recent beta rendition of Windows 98, and was changed to work more closely with Microsoft Windows. It included the option to enable “Dynamic Desktop,” which displayed World Wide Web content on the work area itself and was refreshed as the content changed. The client could also select different pages to use like Active Desktops. “Dynamic Channel” innovation was also used to automatically acquire data updates from websites.

The innovation depended on an XML standard known as Channel Definition Format (CDF), which originated before the at present utilized web partnership designs like RSS. This adaptation was intended to chip away at Windows 95, Windows 98, and Windows NT, and could be downloaded from the Internet, for nothing. It upheld Dynamic HTML (DHTML).

Upgrades amidst rivalry

This delivery remembered bi-directional text, ruby text, and direct XML/XSLT support, as well as upgraded CSS Level 1 and 2 support. The official release of Internet Explorer 5 occurred in three stages. First and foremost, a Developer Preview was delivered in June 1998, followed by a Public Preview in November 1998. The final delivery was made in March 1999. It was released in September with Windows 98. Adaptation 5.0 was the last to be released for Windows 3.1x or Windows NT 3. x. Internet Explorer 5.5 was released in July 2000 for Windows Me, and it included numerous bug fixes and security patches.

Variant 5.5 was the last to support Compatibility Mode, which allowed Internet Explorer 4 to be displayed side by side with the 5. x. With IE6, an idiosyncrasies mode could be activated to make it behave like IE5.5. On August 27, 2001, Version 6 was released alongside Windows XP. It primarily focused on protection and security highlights, as these had become client requirements. Microsoft developed tools to aid P3P, a W3C innovation that is still in the works.

Legal issues between US v. Microsoft

Source; NDTV

Microsoft was blamed for violating a prior assent order by packaging Internet Explorer with its working framework programming in a legitimate case brought by the US Department of Justice and twenty US states. The division objected to Microsoft’s agreement with OEM PC makers, which required the makers to include Internet Explorer with the copies of Microsoft Windows they installed on the frameworks they sent. It would not allow the designer to replace Internet Explorer with a symbol for another internet browser in the default work area. Microsoft maintained that the incorporation of its internet browser into its operating framework was motivated by a genuine concern for customers.

Microsoft attested in court that IE was coordinated with Windows 98 and that Windows 98 couldn’t be made to work without it. Australian PC researcher Shane Brooks later exhibited that Windows 98 could run with IE documents eliminated. Creeks proceeded to foster programming intended to tweak Windows by eliminating “undesired parts”, which is currently known as LitePC. Microsoft has guaranteed that the product didn’t eliminate all parts of Internet Explorer, leaving numerous unique connection library documents behind.


On April 3, 2000, Judge Jackson issued his findings of fact that Microsoft mishandled its syndication position by attempting to “discourage Netscape from developing Navigator as a stage,” that it “kept critical specialized data,” and that it attempted to decrease Navigator’s utilization share by “parting with Internet Explorer and compensating firms that aided in forming its use share” and “barring Navigator from significant circulation channels.”

Jackson also proposed that Microsoft be split into two separate companies. This cure was overturned on the bid, amid allegations that Jackson had discovered a bias against Microsoft in correspondence with journalists. Even though Microsoft had violated the law, the findings of truth were upheld. After seven months, the Department of Justice settled on a settlement concurrence with Microsoft. Starting around 2004, albeit nineteen states have consented to the settlement, Massachusetts is as yet waiting.

Security errors (2003-2006)

On May 7, 2003, at a Microsoft online talk, Brian Countryman, Internet Explorer Program Manager, proclaimed that on Microsoft Windows, Internet Explorer would quit being dispersed independently from the working framework (IE 6 being the last independent rendition); it would, notwithstanding, be gone on as a piece of the development of the working framework, with refreshes coming packaged in working framework updates. Hence, Internet Explorer and Windows itself would be kept more in a state of harmony.

During the development of Windows Vista, new component work occurred in 2003; a review release was delivered at the Professional Developers Conference in October 2003, which included a refreshed Internet Explorer with a rendition number of 6.05. Commentators noted new highlights such as a Download Manager, pop-up blocker, add-on manager, and a device to clear browsing history. Except for the download director, which was eventually removed, these features generally appeared in versions of Internet Explorer, including with work of Windows XP Service Pack 2 a couple of months later.

Microsoft security errors
Source: Microsoft

Security fixes in the new Internet Explorer version

Windows XP Service Pack 2, which was delivered in August 2004 after various deferrals, likewise contained various security-related fixes, new limitations on code execution, and UI components that planned to more readily safeguard the client from malware. One remarkable UI component that was presented was the “data bar”. Tony Schriner, a designer in the Internet Explorer group, made sense that the data bar was acquainted with decreasing the likelihood that the client could mis-click and permit the establishment of programming they didn’t mean, as well as just lessen the number of pop-ups it showed to the user.

Most surveys of this delivery zeroed in on the expansion of the spring-up blocker, as it had been viewed as a significant exclusion when spring-up promotions had turned into a significant wellspring of bothering for web clients. On December 19, 2005, Microsoft declared that it would never again support Internet Explorer for the Macintosh, and suggested utilizing other Macintosh programs like Safari.

New rivalry arises against Internet Explorer (2006-2014)

From 2006 to 2009, Internet Explorer’s piece of the pie gradually declined, and the approach change (reported in 2003) of just delivering new renditions with new variants of the Windows working framework was turned around with plans for IE7. In 2006, five years after the arrival of IE 6, beta variants of Version 7.0 were delivered, and adaptation 7 was delivered that October (that very month as Firefox 2.0). Internet Explorer was renamed Windows Internet Explorer, as a feature of Microsoft’s rebranding of part names that are incorporated with Windows. It was accessible as a feature of Windows Vista, and as a different download using Microsoft Update for Windows XP with Service Pack 2 and Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1.

Internet Explorer 7 was additionally accessible for download straightforwardly from Microsoft’s site. A lot of the fundamental design, including the delivering motor and security system, had been totally upgraded. Mostly because of safety upgrades, the program turned into an independent application, as opposed to being incorporated with the Windows shell, and was not equipped for going about as a recorded program. The main security warning was posted just a single time quite a while after the day of delivery, yet it ended up being a security issue in Outlook Express, not in Internet Explorer 7. The principal weakness selective to Internet Explorer 7 was posted the following 6 days.

New version and changes

Internet Explorer Version 8
Source: Microsoft

In March 2009, Version 8.0 was delivered, with the main public beta having been delivered on March 5, 2008. IE8 offered preferred help for web principles over past renditions, with plans for further developed help for RSS, CSS, and Ajax,as well as full consistence for Cascading Style Sheets 2.1. It was likewise the primary variant to effectively pass the Acid2 test. In expansion, Internet Explorer 8 included new highlights includes, for example, WebSlices, a variety of coded tab gatherings and an improved phishing channel.

With Google’s well-known Chrome program consistently acquiring notoriety because of its speed, straightforwardness, and backing of fresher advancements like HTML5, Microsoft delivered Internet Explorer 9 in September 2010, advertising it as displaying the “Magnificence of the Web;” Internet Explorer 9 offered highlights planned to upgrade web perusing, for example, fractional HTML5 support, equipment speed increase, and better Windows coordination.

Adobe beta variant

Adobe delivered a beta variant of Flash 10.2 custom-fitted to exploit Internet Explorer 9’s inherent equipment speed increase capacities on November 30, 2010. Microsoft attempted to make Internet Explorer less difficult to utilize (and subsequently more alluring) than its rivals, and added elements, for example, the capacity to drag URLs and bookmarks to the Windows Taskbar, a bound-together downloads director, an upgraded new tab page including your most as of late visited destinations, and the capacity to “tear” tabs from a window, or drag them away in an upward direction to make their window.

These capabilities previously existed on substitute programs. However, for example, Opera, Google Chrome and Firefox, and a ton of these capabilities seem to be like what different programs previously had. At the point when it was delivered in December 2010, Internet Explorer 9 required Windows Vista SP2 or later, when 44% of PCs ran Windows XP. The promoted system or absence of cross-stage support was met with analysis and blew up with Microsoft Edge’s sluggish reception on Windows 10. Google Chrome forced no such limitations, supporting Windows XP until 2014.

Windows 10 and Microsoft Edge (2014-present)

Microsoft announced the following version of Windows, known as Windows 10, during a media event on September 30, 2014. Around that time, it was reported that Windows 10 would be the last completely new rendition of Windows, yet Windows would continue to be a help with ongoing improvements in the not-so-distant future. During the event, a replacement for Internet Explorer was reported as “Task Spartan.” This implied the inevitable demise of Internet Explorer after nearly 20 years, but this reality was not initially expressed during the launch of Windows 10.

Following that, the new Project Spartan connection point and render motor were leaked to Insiders in a developer preview of Windows 10, which could be enabled in Internet Explorer on Windows 10. On the same day that the new connection point was launched, Microsoft announced the new name for Project Spartan — Microsoft Edge.

Windows 10 was released on July 29, 2015, as a free upgrade for existing Windows 8.1 and Windows 7 customers. While Microsoft Edge was highlighted up front, Internet Explorer 11 is still available for use in the new OS for similarity purposes, despite being hidden in the Windows Accessories envelope. However, a striking resemblance to Internet Explorer exists in that the stage variant number of the EdgeHTML delivering motor in the first release, form 12, clearly follows the numbering scheme of the ancestor Trident motor used in IE.

RIP Internet Explorer

Internet Explorer Meme

A Chromium-based Edge browser will be replacing Internet Explorer. Microsoft chose this path because the majority of people had abandoned Internet Explorer over the years. This was due, in part, to the fact that Internet Explorer had become slow, unreliable, and vulnerable. When Edge first appeared in 2015, Microsoft began urging users to abandon IE. The Microsoft browser had received so much bad press that its demise seemed all but certain. Unless Microsoft was ready to fully reconstruct the browser from the ground up, IE was guaranteed to fail. Given that Chrome (also based on Chromium) has 64.95 percent of the market, Microsoft’s decision makes perfect sense.

Meanwhile, despite the fact that Microsoft has established its Microsoft Edge browser, it does not have a large market share. Currently, the Chrome browser controls approximately 65 percent of the global browser market, with Apple’s Safari accounting for the remaining 19 percent.

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