The history of Tokenonmics

An Overview of the History of Token Distribution Models and Their Impact

The crypto world is a very diverse yet simple system to understand. For instance, Cryptocurrency or Crypto-assets are common words used to describe tokens, but have taken on a couple of more diverse and specific meanings depending on the context. Firstly, to describe all cryptocurrencies, besides the two major coins being Bitcoin and Etherum. In spite of them, there are technically also tokens. In addition, it is to describe certain digital assets that run on top of one another, such as how many decentralized finance options there are or what “Defi”tokens do.

The difference between Tokens and coins
Source: Quora

Understanding Why Tokens Are Important

Whilst researching and learning about cryptocurrencies, you will come across a lot of common connotations. In fact, it is useful to understand their functionality within the blockchain ecosystem.

  • Decentralized finance tokens “DeFi” are crypto-currency, based protocols which aim to reproduce traditional financial systems that function in a decentralized world. Namely functions such as lending, saving, insurance, trading have emerged over the years.
  •  Compound Finance ecosystem, is a specialized governance token which gives holders a say in the future of a protocol or app. Hence, it is a decentralized platform, it has no boards of directors or any central authority.
  • Non-Fungible Tokens(NFTS). NFTs represent ownership rights to a unique digital or real world asset, givving more power to content creators. It is also a unique way of representing anything on an Ethereum asset.
  • Security tokens are the crypto-equivalent of traditional securities such as stocks and bonds. This new class of assets, aims to sell shares in a company. In the same way as traditional fractional shares are sold, via conventional markets or other businesses. For instance, real estate without the need for a broker. Major companies and startups are investigating security tokens as a potential alternative to other methods of fundraising.
The evolution of token distribution
Source:AZ coins

The Evolution of Token Distribution Models

2009 – fair Bitcoin mining

Satoshi Nakomto engineered a Bitcoin mining system in 2009 to distribute new token supplies to those supporting the new network he had created. Satoshi Nakamotos designed a new concept, so that most of  the network participants onboard would earn bitcoin for their work in supporting consensus. Even though he could foresee the future of an ever-escalating hardware battle. His primary goal was to bring as many people into the network as possible, to ensure a sufficiently large distribution of stakeholders.

2013-2017 Initial coin offerings & SAFT sales

The industry began to mature and grow at a rapid rate. Initial coin offerings came in as a novel way of launching a new blockchain project and distributing tokens. Enthusiastic investors were able to support the launch of a new protocol, by contributing bitcoin to early developers in exchange for pre-mined, or already allocated tokens at network launch.

Mastercoin was the first to take advantage of this new funding mechanism in 2013. Although they are no longer a common household name. Its rebranded protocol, Omni, which was the foundation for USDT (Tether is a stable coin) before expansion across other protocols. Ethereum quickly followed MasterCoin’s strategy in 2014, and managed to raise more than 2700 BTC equivalent to $44 358,60 in the first 12 hours of the pre-sale.

ERC- 20 token

Ethereum unleashed computational power on the blockchain. Opening the door to a whole new set of innovative opportunities. These opportunities combined with the relatively novel ERC-20 token “Ethereum request for comment” standard, made it extremely easy for investors to launch a new token project on Ethereum. Continuing today into both Ethereum-based projects as well as novel blockchains designed to compete with Ethereum itself.

SAFT(Simple Agreement Future Token)

IN the 2017 era, the quality of ICOS and projects varied dramatically, and continued to develop and grow. While some are dead and many were outright frauds, the apparent quantity and dollar amounts involved drove regulatory scrutiny across the globe. Ultimately, many teams shifted from the EThereum-style ICO, towards more regulated approaches, including Simple Agreement for future tokens “SAFTs”. Protocol labs and Cooley designed a compliant framework that was to facilitate fundraising in the cryptocurrency space. This simply made it easier for SAFT to allow accredited investors to participate in compliant token sales. However, many other projects escaped public sales entirely, through private fundraising via equity or other instruments in private markets.

2018 – Initial Exchange Offerings & Airdrops.

when the dust had settled in the epic new crypto world. Crypto experienced its first crash in 2018. Many new projects were emerging and disassociating themselves with ICOs. The ICO fundraising structure started and suffered credibility problems. Because of many projects not being delivered as functional products, also investigations into multiple firms are under way,  and a few  have been charged as fraudulent or criminal enterprises,

The tokenization frenzy days of ICOs were viewed as a catalyst, both for the spectacular rise as well as the fall that was to follow. While the ICOs continued, the growth  and prominence of exchanges in the crypto ecosystem led to the development of IEOs, “Initial Exchange Offerings.”

The ICO structure. What was originally conceptualized as a decentralized and populist fundraising mechanism, whereby an IEO is administrated by a crypto exchange. On behalf of the project that seeks to raise funds alongside an exchange listing. Many projects have seen it as an opportunity to ensure liquidity for their token post-launch, while exchanges view it as an opportunity to reward their most loyal customers via allocations to selective pre-launch tokens.

Token issuers pay a listing fee, along with a percentage of the tokens sold during IEO. These project  tokens are sold on the exchange platform in return. When the coins are listed after the IEO is over. IEOs tend to only exist on platforms outside of the United States and while IEOs have fallen out of favor to some degree, they continue to persist on Binance and other Asian exchanges.

2019 – Auctions

Token sales were historically offered at a fixed price to prospective purchasers. There has been some experimentation with different pricing models, including the Gnosiss auction or Ethereums own increasing price ICO. Coinlist introduced a Dutch auction mechanism to facilitate a more fair and accurate price discovery.

In a Dutch auction, the seller sets an initial price per token. Units are usually sold from the highest bidder downward until the auction “clears”. Participants place bids for the number of tokens and a maximum price per token they are willing to pay. And are guaranteed an allocation as long as their price is above the clearing price. All participants determine the price value

two examples that had auction sell out on coinlist

  • On May 12, 2020, the Dutch Auction for Celo Gold on the coinlist platform closed successfully. The Auction, debuted Celo Gold (cGLD), a utility and governance asset required to participate on the Celo platform. A new proof of stake layer-1 blockchain for fast, secure and stable digital payments. The oversubscribed CGLD auction raised $10m from the community and introduced a diverse set of participants to the Celo ecosystem.
  •  On 04/10/2020, Solana, the successful Coinlist auction that closed at $0.22. Solana (SOL) launched on Binance. In the first several hours of trading. Solana in fact climbed more than 500% from the open, to a high of $1.33 and was the highest volume BTC pair for 24 hours before settling in the top 5.

2020- Liquidity Farming, Stakedrops, and Community Sales

In the year 2020, there have been a lot of exciting innovations seen in the token module space. From stakeDrop distribution, NUCypher , Oasis, to community sales from NEAR and FLow. Furthermore, projects, particularly in the DeFi sector, choose to bypass token sales entirely. Thus, experimenting with novel classes of distribution models which are led by Compound. Several DeFI projects have launched and distributed their tokens directly into the wallets of their protocol users.

Uniswap, 1inch, Compound together airdropped, a promotional event for a new blockchain-based service. In fact, more than $1B in tokens were given to their users in 2020, incentivizing usage and giving users a say in governance.

Many token distribution mechanisms, in DeFi, do not include a fundraising component. But instead, they focused on distributing tokens to users that are providing value to the network. Satoshi did the same with Bitcoin mining. Although this process comes with its challenges and setbacks. Token issuance in Defi is going through a chaotic period with a whole lot of activity and growing pains. Just like any new business or new technology goes through in the capital market.

2021- A Cornucopia of Issuance & Fundraising Strategies.

Cornucopia, is a private index fund which is dedicated to the acquisition of shares in private companies. Ahead of the initial public offering(IPO). Cornucopia’s investment strategy was dedicated to the  swarm theory and the wisdom of the crowd.

With growing community sales, launch sales, stakeDrops and an acceptance of DeDi token distribution. Momentum around Polkadot and its Parachain Crowdloans (PCLs), token issuance in 2021 promises to serve up prime opportunities for investors.

Token  distribution in 2021 started by blending key elements from traditional  token sales( engaging the crowd) and DeFi token issuance( empowering users to provide value to the project). There has been an increased alignment of incentives between projects and token holders in 2021, making this  one  of the dynamic corners of the crypto industry.

2022 Crypto predictions
Source:Crypto News

2022 Blockchain Predictions

  1. Governments will embrace blockchain technology, which will allow them to conduct their business more effectively. As they recognize the potential of blockchain technology in regards to efficiency and public trust.
  2.  A greener blockchain may help save the planet. We will probably see a lot of effort made to make blockchain technology more green and offset its carbon footprint throughout 2022.
  3. More countries will embrace Cryptocurrency as a legal tender. Developing countries are more likely to embrace crypto-currencies in the near future.
  4.  The use of NFT technology could provide concrete solutions to digital data, as things move from physical to digital. NFTS is likely to impact many areas of the law. As technology continues to grow.
Token distribution breakdown
Source: The crypto prophecy

Token Distribution Breakdown for Projects

  • Private Sale I: 29%
  • Liquidity Mining/Staking Rewards: 20%
  • Tresuary: 20%
  • Advisors:10%
  • Team: 10%
  • Seed Round: 5%
  • Private Sale II: 2%

Sale Vesting:

Seed: 50% lock for 30 days

Private Sale 1: 50% lock for 30 days

Private Sale @: No Lock

Public Sale: No Lock

Sales Distribution

Seed Round

The seed round receives five percent of the supply. Many of the longstanding investors , supporters and strategic alliances, view this as  “smart money” move. These are a group of people that are willing to contribute early. Their commitment and backing speaks to a shared vision for the project. The allocated 50m tokens represent five percent of the total supply.

  • 50m tokens at .005 USD

Private Rounds

Twenty-two percent of the bond token is spilt between two private rounds, which is the larger portion of the token supply. This is to attract commercial support to achieve the long term vision for the project. Whilst building on multi-ndsvisibility.

  • Private Round 1 – 200m tokens at .008 USD
  • Private Round 2 – 20m tokens at .02 USD

Public Sale

Real distribution of the supply is important to reach the end goal of the project and full decentralization and realizing measurable token value. Thirteen percent of the tokens sales are dedicated to the public. This is to help nature and develop the project organically, and transition from a privately developed idea to a public domain entity.

Yeild farming concept
Source::Meduim

What is Yield Farming?

Yield farming is an investment strategy in DeFi. It involves lending or staking cryptocurrency coins or tokens for rewards from transaction fees or interest. In the physical world, similar to earning interest in your bank account. The yield farming strategy is currently the most significant growth driver of the DeFi sector, assisting it to expand from a market gap of $500 million to $10 billon in 2020.

How does yield farming work?

Users lend their tokens through a decentralised application (dAPP). Lending transactions happen through smart contracts. It is a program stored on the blockchain, and is used to automate the execution of an agreement. Making it easier to allow all participants to be certain of the outcome without any middleman or intermediaries involved in the process.

Yielding Vs Staking

  • Yield farming is a practice of locking crypto assets. In blockchain, protocols for earning a passive income from crypto assets.
  • Staking is the practice of locking in crypto assets in a blockchain network for being selected as validators.

 

The future in Crypto
Source:BeIn Crypto

Conclusion

The technology and crypto landscape is constantly evolving, and we really don’t know what will happen beyond 2022. the future of blockchain is tremendous and its not going anywhere. Should we choose to adapt and accept it, it will restore our financial power and decisions. I strongly believe that this is the future. We live in a community-driven society and blockchain technology has managed to build ecosytems and communities around new protocols and Apps. This is definitely going to revolutionize how we do things. The time has come for us to consider incorporating this into business models.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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