Anthropology: History, Culture, and Various Eras in Palau


Palau  officially the Republic of Palau and, historically Belau, Palaos, or Pelev, an island country in the west to the Pacific Ocean. The nation has approximately 340 islands, and the West, combining the Caroline Islands chain, with parts of the Federated States of america. The total area is 466 square kilometers (180 square miles). It is The largest and most populous island is Koror. The capital city of Ngerulmud, is on the nearby island of Babeldaobu Melekeok. Palau shares maritime borders in the international waters of the north, and the federated states of Micronesia to the east, Indonesia to the south, and the Philippines to the north-west.

History of Palau
Image source:

First, the country had approximately 3,000 years ago by the immigrants who were in the sea, in the South-east Asia. In Spain, the first European union country to explore the islands in the 16th century, and is a part of the Spanish east indies, of 1574. Following Spain’s defeat in the Spanish–American War in 1898, the islands were sold to Imperial Germany in 1899 under the German-Spanish Treaty, under which they were made, as part of German New Guinea. After the second world War, the islands are included in the administration of Japan by the league of Nations Mandate from the republic of Korea. During the second world War, American and Japanese troops fought to the Marianna Islands, the Islands of the Palau Islands, with clashes occurring, among other things, during the Battle of Peleliu. Together with the other Islands in the Pacific ocean, Palau is a 1947 administered, the united states Trust Territory of the Ocean. Give it up to go along with the Federal States, Australia, in 1979, the islands were granted full sovereignty in 1994, by a Treaty of Free Association with the united states.

Political, Palau, and the President of the republic, the Republic of the Free Association of the United States of America, which provides a defence, the economy, and access to social services. The legislative power is in the centre of australia, the National Congress of Palau. Palau’s economy is based mainly on tourism, of course, the agriculture and fishing, with a significant proportion of the domestic gross product (GDP) is generated by external support. In a country like the use of the dollar, and the United States of America, which is the idea. The island’s cultures, and to disturb the Micronesian, Melanesian, Asian, and Western elements. Ethnic Palauans, the majority of the population, of mixed Micronesian, Melanesian, and see the descent. As a part of the population is of Japanese origin. The two official languages of the country of Palau (by a member of the Austronesian language family) and English, while the Japanese, Sonsorol, and Tobian recognized as regional languages.

Spanish Era

An 1888 map showing the Palau Islands of the Spanish East Indies (excluding the Philippine Islands). (credit: wikipedia)

The use of this map and the letter that’s created a lot of interest in the new islands. Andres Serrano was sent to Europe in 1705, in fact, a copy of the data, this is Klein. These letters, which are quoted in three of the failed attempts of the Jesuits to the purchase of Palau from Spanish Philippines in 1700, 1708 and 1709. The islands were first visited by the Jesuit team, led by Francisco Padilla on 30 November 1710. The expedition to the conclusion that both the priests, Jacques Du Beron and Joseph, Cortil, was shipwrecked on the shores of Sonsorol, because he is the sending of the Saint-Simon, the Turks”), was a storm that hit Mindanao. Another ship was sent from Guam in 1711 to save them, but it’s just to surrender, as a result of three more Jesuit priests were killed. The failure of these missions gave Palau its original Spanish name Islas Encantadas (Enchanted Islands).Despite these early misfortunes, the Spanish Empire then became a judge of the island.

Transitions Era

Palau under German rule; painting by Rudolf Hellgrewe c. 1908. (credit: wikipedia)

British traders became regular visitors to Palau, and by the 18th century, and in the 19th century, the expansion of the Spanish influence that I started. Palau Palaos was incorporated in the Malolos Congress of 1898, and the first Revolutionary Congress in the Philippines, which wanted full independence from colonialists. Palau, which is a part of the Spanish east indies, with its head office in the republic of the Philippines. Palau was appointed to the board in the united states, it is the only one of the group of islands, in all of the Carolinas, which had a high representation in a non-colonial Philippine Congress. The congress also supported the Palau, and the right to self-determination, if you don’t want to go down that road.Later, in 1899, which is a part of the Carolina Islands in the Palau, which were sold to the Spanish Empire, the holy roman Empire as part of German New Guinea, in the German-Spanish Treaty (1899). During world War I, the Japanese Empire annexed the islands, the reconquering of them from Germany in 1914. After the second world War, the league of Nations and the official left the islands for the Japanese, the management involved in the South Sea. During world War ii, Palau was used by Japan to support its occupation of the Philippines in 1941, has successfully resulted in 1942. The occupation also fell in the Us, the government of the Commonwealth of the Philippines, and is defined in the Japanese-backed Second Philippine Republic in 1943.

United States Era

Koror chiefs in 1915. (credit:wikipedia)

During the second world War, the united states captured Palau from Japan in 1944 after destroying more than 2,000 Americans and 10,000 Japanese in the Battle of Peleliu. In 1945-1946, the united states gained control of the Philippines, and managed Palau through the Philippine capital of Manila. However, in the second half of 1946, the Philippines was granted full independence by the establishment of the Third Republic of the Philippines, which developed in the U.S. the capital city of the Western Pacific ocean, to the World. Palau, officially passed into the hands of the united states, under the auspices of the united nations in 1947, as part of the Trust Territory of the Ocean, the Islands, created in accordance with un security council resolution 21.

Foreign Relations

As a sovereign nation, Palau conducts its own international relations.Also, since independence, Palau has established diplomatic relations with a number of countries, including many of the ocean’s neighbors, like Micronesia and the Philippines. On 29 November 1994, the united nations security council (unsc) passed a resolution 963 recommending to Palau, to join the United Nations. The united nations general Assembly approved admission of Palau, in accordance with the resolution 49/63 on 15 December 1994. Since then, Palau has been joined by a number of other international organizations. In September 2006, Palau hosted the first leg of the Taiwan Ocean to the Allies. Until the president makes an official visit to the other countries in the Pacific ocean, including Japan.

President Thomas Remengesau with the Republic of China (Taiwan)'s President Tsai Ing-wen in 2016.
President Thomas Remengesau with the Republic of China (Taiwan)’s President Tsai Ing-wen in 2016. (credit:wikipedia)

The united states supports a diplomatic mission to the Embassy in Palau, but most aspects of the relations between the two countries, and relates to the project, which is funded through a compact funding, which is administered by the Office of the Island, the Issues, the U.S. Department of the Interior.For example, in accordance with this Agreement, Palau, granted zip codes 96939 and 96940, as well as the scheduled delivery of the US mail.

In international politics, Palau often combined with the voice of the united states, which was adopted by the United Nations general Assembly. Palau maintains close ties with Japan, which fund infrastructure projects including the Koror-Babeldahob the Bridge. In 2015, Emperor Akixito and Empress Michiko visited Peleliu to celebrate the 70th anniversary of world War II. Palau is a member of the Nauru fisheries management Agreement.

In 1981, Palau voted for the world’s first nuclear-free constitution. The constitution, which bans the use, storage and disposal of nuclear, toxic chemical, gas and biological weapons, without confirmation of a 3/4, or 75% majority, in a referendum.This prohibition will be reset back to Palau’s transition to independence, because, during the negotiations for the eu, the united states insists on the possibility of a nuclear facility, which is in the operation of the vessel and the storage of nuclear weapons on the territory of the country, which has launched a campaign for independence, and the anniversary. After several referendums that failed to achieve a majority vote of three-fourths of the votes of the people of Palau finally approved the Treaty in 1994.

The philippines’s closest western allies, and Palau, have expressed a desire to support, Palau, and if it doesn’t want to go, with of the issue. In June 2009, Palau announced that it would be in the top ten seven-year-olds, who had previously been detained by the AMERICAN military at Guantanamo Bay, some of the united states, compensation for the deprivation of liberty. One of the uyğurların pre-agreed to the move, but at the end of October, six, seven, was transferred to Palau. In support of the agreement with the United States of america, which was completed in January 2010, was reported to be linked to the Uyghur agreement. In 2017, Palau signed the united nations Treaty to ban nuclear weapons.


Palau has a rich history in terms of the protection of the environment. For example, the Ngerukewid Islands, and is surrounded by the extensive territory is protected by the Ngerukewid Islands Wildlife Sanctuary, which was founded in 1956.

While much of Palau remains a liberated environment, the conversion that is causing the problems with illegal power output, a lack of waste management facilities in Korora, and dredging to mine sand and coral in the Palau Lagoon. Second, the sea, the island States of america, and rising sea levels pose a serious threat to the environment. However, based on the waste management for the global atmospheric research), the average rate of human carbon dioxide emissions in 2018, 58 tons, the highest in the world, is mainly related to the shipment. The Floods in low-lying areas threatens coastal vegetation, agriculture, and are still inadequate water supply. The purification of the sewage, waste water, along with the issue of the processing of toxic waste, fertilizers, and pesticides.

Aerial view of Ngerukewid. (credit: wikipedia)

The saltwater crocodile, which is indigenous to Palau and are present in varying numbers in different mangrove and also in some parts of the rocky islands, and more. Although this is generally considered to be extremely dangerous, and in all of Palau’s modern history has ever seen, but there was a deadly attack on a man in the 1960’s. Palau, the largest crocodile in the 4.5-meter (14 ft 9 in). In our country, and that are vulnerable to earthquakes, volcanic activity, and tropical storms. Palau already has a problem with plenty of water, and is limited to the areas in order to support their own populations.

On 5 November 2005, President Tommy E. Remengesau, small head of a regional environmental initiative called “the Micronesia Challenge, which was to be the preserve of 30% of the coastline, coastal waters and 20%, the forestry sector by the year 2020. Palau, followed by the federated states of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands, and the United States Territory of Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. In general, this region is close to 5% – of the sea part of the Pacific Ocean and 7% of its coastline. Palau has a tropical rainforest, Near the terrestrial ecoregion. On average, the forest habitat Integrity Index of 8.09/10 from 2019, the 27th in the world, in 172 countries.


A traditional Palauan house. (credit: wikipedia)

The society of the Palau is in need of a ransom, the system is very serious. The hostage of practice to be observed, a man may say, in every aspect of Palauan traditions, especially in funeral, marriage, when, inherit and carry forward the traditional name. This system was derived, probably, from the Philippine islands, which was the same system, that is, the archipelago was colonized by Spain. The food, which includes local products such as cassava, taro, sweet potato, potato, fish and pork. Western cuisine is served with the popular young Palauans and the locals are joined by foreign tourists. The rest is the same for the purpose of protection, but not for the tourism sector, which will lead to a large number of restaurants.Tourists mostly eat their own lunch. Some of the local products, and have an alcoholic drink that is made from the coconut, with a specially prepared drink made from kava roots; and chewing betel nut.

The traditional system of government, has an impact on the country’s affairs, forcing the federal government to repeatedly attempt to limit its power. Many of these experiments were carried out in the form of constitutional amendments, of which the business enterprise to be repeated in order to protect what they consider to be financial free zone.An example of this occurred at the beginning of 2010, when the Idid Clan, a judge of the clan of the Southern Federation, under the leadership of Bilung, the Queen of the Southern Federation, filed a lawsuit against the Public Lands Administration, the State, the Crown Court (KSPLA). The Idid clan, the advanced of their rights to the Malakal Island, the largest of the exclusive economic zone, and the main port of Palau, in reference to Germany at the time. The ruling was the fact that the island belonged to the KSPLA.

Leave a Reply