Statue of Plato. Socrates Athens

Disenchanted with the Masses: Plato and the Athenian Democracy

Classical Athens was the world’s first democracy. It was also the only polis run by a city government in the Greek world, surrounded by powerful monarchies and oligarchies that were sceptical of their system. Despite its uniqueness, Athens became the … Continue reading Disenchanted with the Masses: Plato and the Athenian Democracy

Machiavelli the prince

Niccolò Machiavelli: The Florentine Philosopher and Diplomat Behind Political Realism in ‘The Prince’

When we see the term ‘Machiavellian’, manipulative rulers and ambitious politicians spring to mind. It is a word often associated with ruthless dictators in the 20th Century: Hitler, Stalin, Mussolini, Pol Pot; or the masterminds behind revolutions. Today, the British … Continue reading Niccolò Machiavelli: The Florentine Philosopher and Diplomat Behind Political Realism in ‘The Prince’

The German Order Police under Nazi officials' inspection.

Banality of Evil: The Story of Reserve Police Battalion 101 in Relation to Thinking and Judgement

This is a case study of man’s capacity for brutality and bloodshed. 13th July 1942, in the Polish town of Józefów, a police battalion of 500 men slaughtered 1500 Jews. A year later, the same battalion participated in the horrendous … Continue reading Banality of Evil: The Story of Reserve Police Battalion 101 in Relation to Thinking and Judgement