Croatia

Croatia: A Country of Vibrant Colors and Culture

The 2018 Football World Cup brought everyone’s attention to a small country-Croatia. Croatia is like a vibrant country on its own. Although it stood first runner-up against France, Croatia’s performance won everyone’s heart. Croatia, a country spread over 56,594 square km and with a population of about 4 million , is a developed country with a very high standard of living.

Origin

Croatia reached the 6th century and divided its territory into two groups in the 9th century. Croatia was officially recognized as an independent state on June 7, 879, during the reign of Duke Branimir. Tomislav became the first king in 925 and promoted Croatia to his former position. Croatia joined the alliance with Hungary in 1102 during the genetic crisis after the collapse of Torpimirovvic. In the face of the Ottoman Empire in 1527, the Croatian Parliament elected Austrian Ferdinand I to the throne of Croatia. In October 1918, the states of Slovenia, Croatia and Serbia were declared autonomous of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in Zagreb and merged into the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in December 1918. After the occupation of the Yugoslav axis in April 1941, most of Croatia was placed under Nazi occupation by the puppet state of Croatian independence. The struggle led to the formation of the Croatian Communist Republic, which became the founder and opponent of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia after the war. On June 25, 1991, Croatia declared independence, and four years after that declaration, a struggle for freedom arose.

System

  1. As a sovereign state, Croatia is a republic governed by a parliamentary system.
  2. It is a member of the European Union, the United Nations, the Council of Europe, NATO, the World Trade Organization and the Mediterranean Society.
  3. Croatia has sent troops to the International Security Assistance Force as a participant in United Nations peacekeeping operations.
  4. Croatia was a permanent member of the UN Security Council from 2008 to 2009.

Quick Facts

Since 2000, the Croatian government has invested in infrastructure, especially transportation and infrastructure along pan-European routes.
The World Bank classifies Croatia as a major player in the lucrative economy and human development.
Services, industry and agriculture dominate the economy.
Tourism is an important source of income because Croatia is among the top 20 tourist destinations, and the state controls part of the economy through government spending.
The European Union is Croatia’s major trading partner.
Croatia supports culture through public institutions, invests in the media and publishing
provides social security, global health care and elementary and secondary education without registration.

Climate

Croatia is home to two major climate change zones. The plains and mountains of Panama and the Parapanés have a temperate climate in summer and winter. In the fields, the average temperature in June is 20 ° C and in January the minimum temperature is about 0 ° C, from lows of -5 ° F (-20 ° C) in winter to a maximum of 105 ° F in summer ( 20 ° C). The temperature rises to 40 ° C). The central mountainous region of Rika and Kurbaba is slightly colder in summer and winter, with mild blight conditions. Temperatures range from about 18 ° C in June to early this year (around the Dalmatian coast, Istria and the islands have a slightly lower Mediterranean climate. In southern Dalmatia, strong winds blow the Sirocco (approximately 18 °) C). ) Yoke) has the moderate effect of Africa, with warm and scorching sun, summers and winters. The northern region dries up due to the cold northerly winds called Bora (Bra). During the summer, Mistral winds provide a calming effect on beaches and islands.The average temperature ranges from the low 40s F (about 5 °C) in January to the low 70s F (low 20s C) in June.Rainfall is moderate and occurs mainly in the winter.

Government and Function

On December 22, 1990, apart from civil freedom such as freedom of expression, religion, information and association, the Constitution of the Republic of Croatia was implemented, but another constitution guarantees national equality.

The right to use human language and letters (reserved only for the Serbian minority) is also guaranteed.

Nationally, Croatia is divided into 20 states.

The Supreme Court, regional councils and district courts administer a three-tier legal system.

The Supreme Court has the highest legal jurisdiction in all matters except the Constitution which is decided by the Constitutional Court. The judge of the Supreme Court is the court selected by Saber.

The independence of the judiciary is questionable, especially because many of the politically appointed judges in the 1990s have served for the 21st century, but are under the law largely under pressure from the EU.

Political Process

The Croatian Democratic Union (Hrvatska Democratska Zajednica; HDZ) and the Social Democratic Union have held several party elections in Croatia since independence. The Democratic Union of Croatia came to power in the 1990 parliamentary elections and dominated politics in the early years after Yugoslavia. Franjo Tuđman, the party’s president, is Croatia’s first independent president. Originally an ideology based on Croatian nationalism and the struggle for independence, HDZ began to lose support after the war ended in 1995 and people felt the pain of economic collapse. In 2000, a year after Tuđman’s death, HDZ remained under the control of several SDP parties until 2003, when HDZ changed positions. He returned to power as a far right. HDZ and SDP are the main candidates in the next elections. Both sides support Croatia’s entry into the EU.

The fight against corruption is continuing, with effective anti-corruption measures implemented and overall reconciliation. The Anti-Corruption and Crime Office continues to operate and has been tried in several major cases. The number of court decisions is increasing. Access to information from government agencies is enshrined in the Constitution, but corruption persists. Recent developments in the legal and constitutional framework, in particular court jurisdiction over the increase in numbers and complexity of lawsuits, have not been tested in practice. The history of effective investigation, prosecution and court decisions has been consistent. There has been little progress in preventing conflicts of interest and limited progress in data access applications.There are still mistakes in terms of party and campaign revenue.

Sports

KIEV, UKRAINE – October 09, 2017: Luka Modric during the FIFA World Cup 2018 qualifying Europe match between Ukraine national team vs Croatia national team, Ukraine

Like most of Western Europe, Croatian has a passion for football .Since independence, the Croatian national team of players from Zagreb and Split has played a very important role. The famous basketball player Drazen Petrovic played in the national equipment of soccer and basketball of the Croatia in 1992. In particular, Golan Ivanishevich gained the masculine title at Wimbledon in 2001.

Cultural background

Depending on the region, Croatia represents a mixture of four cultural landscapes. The route is influenced by Western and Eastern culture from the divisions of the Western Roman and Byzantine Empires, and Central Europe. And the culture of the Mediterranean. The Illyrian movement is an integral part of the country’s cultural history, as the 19th century was so important in the liberation of the Croatians that it saw unprecedented progress in every field of art and culture, which led to a series of histories, the most important time in letters. Croatia has a place in the history of clothing as the origin of the tie, the ancestor of modern connections.The Yugoslavian communist system, which began after the collapse of the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia in 1948 and the collapse of the international communist organization known as Cominform, has more culture and life than most communist societies. A country that enables independence and self-expression.

Social Customs

>Croatia has a large Roman Catholic population, celebrating Catholic holidays, an important national holiday commemorating historic events.

On June 22, the day of anti-fascism, the first Croatian group was founded in 1941. In 1941, Croatia declared the independence of Yugoslavia, 1991.

The 1991 Independence Day, when Croatia cut off its ties with the Yugoslav authorities, began.

October 8 Croatian cuisine is influenced by Turks, Central Europe and Italy. >Minced meat and Cheva Petit (a long-lasting scent) have been added to the taste.

The beach serves Swiss cuisine with fish and britoba, potatoes and garlic ground in olive oil.

There are also local flavors, such as Pag cheese and wines from many small Dalmatian producers in particular.

Art and Literary Work

   

Croatia has been proud of its literary culture since about 1100, dedicated to Bašćanska Ploča, a 19th-century Glagolitic grove found on the island of Krk. In Croatian, there is the literary Hrvoje Missal, published in 1483. Among the giants of the 20th century in Croatian literature were novelists, writers, writers, poets, associations, critics Miroslav Krleža (1893-1981) and translators. Poet, writer and translator Tin Ujević (1891-1955) all interacted with the intellectual and socio-political struggles of individuals and on a global level. The statue of Croatian painter Ivan Mestrovic (1883-1962), once described by French artist Auguste Rodin as “a great marvel among sculptors”, originated in Croatia. His work includes religious aids and sculptures carved on nuts. Mestrovic designed his home in Split and is now used as a museum for his work.

Cultural Recognitions

UNESCO World Heritage sites list several Croatian sites on the World Heritage List. These include the Old Town of Dubrovnik and the Old Town of Split, where the ruins of Diocletian’s Roman palace were destroyed. Zagreb is home to the National Theater and the National University Library. Named after the 19th century Croatian composer Vatroslavrisinsky.

After going across the history and geography of this vibrant country, let’s delve deeper into the places which we would love to pick for our vacation.Although the list can go on and on,here are few of them to increase your wanderlust.

Istria

>Also called the “Tuscany of Colors”, it is a heart-shaped peninsula which has the Ucka mountain range(the best part of the Cicarija mountain range),the rivers-Pazincica,Rasa,Dragonja,Mirna and the Lim Bay and valley.

It is also a well-deserved destination for foodies out there.

Korcula Island

>Located amongst the Adriatic sea, there are beautiful historical towns, terraced vineyards, good food and secluded beaches are the beauty of these islands.

>Korcula has received the name “Little Dubrovnik”

>Good Ferry and Bus services in the islands serve like “Icing on the cake”

Peljesac Peninsula

Blessed with two pretty towns, of Ston and Orebic, it is the largest peninsula in Dalmatia.

With options of a lot of outdoor activites and sandy beaches,it has been an attraction for tourists.

Elaphiti Islands

>With more than 12 islands, they are located off the coast of Dubrovnik.

>They are settlements in Kolocep, Ropdo and the largest island in Spain.

They have beautiful peaceful beaches, a serene environment and some excellent restaurants like Obara in Ropdo and                Villa Rose in Korochep.

Lastavo

>The spoken language here is the Cakavian of the Croatian dialect

>Consisting of 46 small islands, Lastovo is popular among sailing aficionados for its wonderful archipelago.

The trademark in these towns are the broad terraces.The unusual plume of smoke, which the locals call Fumari, is unsightly and unusual in that it looks like a small tower.

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