Sometimes referred to as “sheep island”, Faroe islands are a popular travel destination. Although the population is an ethnic minority, it has cultural differences in Denmark. In northern Scandinavia, the Faroe Islanders consider themselves Icelanders, not Swedes.
The Faroe Islands are made up of 17 inhabited islands and numerous islets. The area is about 1,397 square kilometers. The climate is cool and humid, with frequent winter storms. The landscape is mountainous, with fjords and sounds, and villages are surrounded by fields and grasslands. Torshavn has remained the capital of the province since Viking times.
Faroese is a syntactically conservative Western Scandinavian language, more closely related to Icelandic and Norwegian dialects, and significantly after the Reformation while resisting assimilation into Danish. It seems to have started branching. Documented in 1846, put back for modern use from the late 19th century, it is an important symbol of national identity spoken and written by all residents of the Faroe Islands. Faroese is fluent in Danish and is becoming more and more fluent in English.
History and identity
The Faroe Islands, a Norwegian colony in the early 9th century, became Christian in the early 11th century and became a tributary of Norway. They remained under the control of the Danish-Norwegian crown after the Lutheran Reformation (circa 1538). Their point of contact with the continent moved from Bergen to Copenhagen in the early 17th century. In 1709, trade in the Faroe Islands (mainly wool exports and food and timber imports) became a royal monopoly. When Norway moved to Sweden in 1814, Frere was administered by the Danish crown.
In 1816, they became the county of Denmark (amt) and the old parliament, the Løgting, was abolished. It was reorganized into an advisory council in 1852. The monopoly was abolished in 1856, allowing the formation of native bourgeoisie classes. Traditional inshore fishing has become the cornerstone of an export economy, supporting a rapidly growing population after centuries of stagnation. Since about 1880, the economy has developed and diversified as the fishing industry has become an increasingly industrialized offshore activity. In 1888, the Cultural Nationalist Movement began to be endorsed by people. The movement was politicized at the turn of the century. By 1948, the province became capable of governing itself internally.
The main element of national identity is the permanence of a particular lifestyle and native language. Agriculture has replaced fishing and the continued integrity of village-bonded societies. Increasing acceptance by the ideal middle class of Danish national romanticism, including the view that formal expressions of cultural peculiarities (mainly linguistic) have political consequences. And the relative ease of adapting to socio-economic changes within the framework of this idealism.
Other factors include the Icelandic example. Widening the gap between 19th-century indigenous peoples and the Danish elite. And between the Danes and the Faroe Islands, they despise the ongoing tradition of parliamentary rule, religion, race, and aristocratism as signs of cultural distinction, and maintain narrow cultural, economic, and constitutional requirements. There is a common interest in doing it.
Food, culture, and basic economy
A standard diet consists of starches (usually boiled potatoes), meat (sheep, fish, pilot whales, poultry), and fats (tallow, lard, butter). , Margarine). The meat is frozen solid or boiled. Mid-afternoon meals are usually made in the kitchen as are breakfast and dinner. Morning and afternoon meals are served at work, and customers are always served tea or coffee with pastries, cookies, bread, and butter.
There is no indigenous tradition of restaurants and cafes. Some, like shellfish, are considered unpleasant to taste, but obviously, there are no taboo foods. Ritual food has no great tradition. Alcoholic beverages are used as toast during the holidays and are sometimes consumed in large quantities. However, as a rule, only men drink it, and a common belief is widespread.
Land title and title rights
Land title rights are of two main types and two main categories. The Outer Field (Hagi) is an overgrown mountain range used for grazing cattle in the summer. The right to graze is related to rights over inland plots (bøur) where crops (mainly hay and potatoes) are grown and open to sheep to graze during the winter. The inside and outside are not enclosed but are separated by a stone wall. Land can be held in the form of a lease (kongsjørð, “King’s Land”) or free land (óðalsjørð).
The king’s land belongs to the country. Ownership of the lease is indistinguishable and is inherited from the male birthright. The free ownership share is distributed between the male and female heirs of the owner. The houses and plots are privately owned. Public buildings, roads, and harbors are publicly owned. In general, small fishing vessels are privately owned, large vessels are privately owned, and ferries are owned by the government.
The country produces a wide range of goods and services, from sheepskins to hydroelectricity, from healthcare to inter-island ferry services, from fishing boats in the back to rock music and retail groceries. The most important industries are fishing, fish processing, and construction.
The main export items are seafood, the sale of stamps, and sometimes ships are also important. Export markets (except stamps) in 1997 were Denmark (30.1%) and other European Union (EU) countries (52.8%). The main import sources are Denmark (30.5%), other EU countries (31.6%), and Norway (18.6%). Work is becoming more and more professional and full-time. They are awarded based on experience and qualifications, such as sailing and educational certificates.
The differences between the classes are; ethical equality, progressive taxation, generous minimum wage regulation, comprehensive social protection systems, corporate interests. This includes manual labor such as fish processing and construction.
Relative gender roles
Traditionally, the roles of men and women have been clearly distinguished, with men generally responsible for outside work and women responsible for housework and care. All official positions are held by men. By the end of the 19th century, more women entered the paid labor market as fish processors and education became a path to positive social mobility, not only for men but also for women. Women’s suffrage was introduced in 1915. Today, many women work outside the home and regularly hold public office.
The status of women has traditionally been high and continues to this day. Legally, men and women are equal.
Community, society, and family
Scholars are free to choose their spouses. Marriage is always monogamous. Of the population over the age of 20, 72% are married, widowed, or divorced. Spouses can own property jointly or separately, and how they manage their income is a matter of personal preference. Divorce is still rare. Divorced widows are free to remarry. It is common for young couples to live together without getting married until the birth of a child.
The family unit and inheritance
A basic family unit is a family unit, which in some cases includes elderly parents and adopted children. As a general rule, all property, except rentals, is inherited from a person’s children.
descendants were calculated bilaterally using paternal bias. “Family” (colloquially family) refers to family members (howl, howl) and generally the closest relatives of an individual. ætt is a patriarch associated with the farm that bears his name, but neo-local marriages weaken the pedigree after a few generations, except individuals who still live on the old farms. There is no corporate family group unless the family matches the family.
Babysitter 9 87 Babies often sleep in cribs in their parents’ rooms. Older children sleep in their own beds, usually in rooms with siblings of the same sex and roughly the same age. Babies and toddlers are free to play at home. At home, someone can watch them (usually in the kitchen) and occasionally in the park. They are often warmly embraced in strollers and walked by their mothers and sisters. They settle down quickly when upset, often upset or entertained, or distracted by dangerous or inappropriate activities. Men and boys have a love for babies and children, but most of the care is provided by women and girls.
Education and upbringing of children
Children are free to play inside and outside the village, mainly among the same sex and age group, but kindergartens are becoming more and more popular, especially in big cities. Corporal punishment is very rare. At home, among peers, and at school, the emphasis is on getting along with others. Formal education usually begins at the age of seven in a public (community) primary school. Children can drop out of school after 7th grade, but almost everything lasts until grade 10. After leaving the countryside, many people pursue joint studies and apprenticeships. Some seek further training in boating, nursing, commerce, education, and more. There are no formal or important popular ceremonies. Minors include confirmation of approximately 13 years and high school graduation.
The Torshavn Faroe Islands Institute (Fróðska parsetur Føroya) offers advanced degrees in a range of subjects, but most university-level undergraduate, medical and theological studies are conducted at the university level, currently in Denmark or abroad. Apprenticeships are valued, and post-secondary education is partly seen as a way to access well-paying employment. But especially for men, occupations that require work experience, public cooperation, and equal relations provide a safer reputation.
Social values and etiquette
Social communication is relaxed, calm, and emotionally restrained, with an emphasis on agreement and sociability. Conversations, especially between men, are slow and purposeful. Only one person speaks at a time. The state difference is invalid. Most public interactions take place between men and men, and between women and women and colleagues, but there are no obvious barriers to interaction between gender and age. People do not greet each other openly or prominently unless they discuss it.
An intimate conversation begins and ends with a statement such as “hello” or “goodbye” without any procedures such as shaking hands or kissing. People face each other slightly diagonally, and men usually stand side by side. Many interactions occur during occasional visits to someone’s home. You walk in without knocking and take off your shoes at the door. Housewives say “Versogóð [ur]” or “Gersovæl” (“That’s good”) and offer something to eat or drink. After you’re done with your refreshments, you’re supposed to respond with “Manga Tack” (“Thank You”) and/or “Vælgagnist” (“so that helps you a lot”).
Since 1990, the Faroe Islands have established 13 parish dioceses within the Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church, to which approximately 75% of the population belong. The Lutheran priesthood is publicly funded and serves 66 churches and chapels. Most of the inhabitants of the Faroe Islands are Orthodox Lutherans and are reasonably cautious. However, there are many supporters of the Evangelical Lutheran (domestic mission) movement, with at least 15 percent of the population belonging to the larger evangelical “sect” (sektir).
The only religious practitioners are the 21 members of Rabbi Luther and their assistants (readers of believers, deacons, etc.), as well as the local missionary sects or leaders of a missionary congregation.
Rites and Sanctuary
Missionaries sing hymns and converts in the streets. On the other hand, religious events are limited to Sundays and festive religious services (Christmas, Easter, Carnival, etc.) and are associated with baptisms, weddings, and funerals. . There are no temples or places of pilgrimage.
Death and the Hereafter
It is said that souls go to heaven after death. Hell is also believed, but it is rarely emphasized except by missionaries. Funerals are held in the church, followed by a funeral procession at the cemetery and a light meal at the home of the deceased or loved one. Churches and graveyards are traditionally located outside the village.
The ideals of the nationalist movement in the 19th century were largely realized in 1948 when the Faroe Islands were recognized as an independent and autonomous cultural part of the kingdom, Denmark. Since then, citizens of the Faroe Islands have been legally identified as Danish citizens with permanent residency in the Faroe Islands, and the Danish state recognizes the cultural and political integrity of the country.
Faroese consider themselves “ordinary people” living in “small towns”. The main symbols of national identity are language, the region’s past, and the natural environment, which are evident in oral and literary literature, folklore, and academic history, and in assessing the natural environment of social life. Other symbols include the flag (a red cross with a blue border on a white background), the ancient tradition of adding bullets, griadoráp (slaughter of pilot whales), and occasionally wear in the evening. – fashion clothes, national birds, etc., Oystercatcher.
However, Faroe Islanders sometimes suffered from prejudice during their stay in Denmark. The population of the Faroe Islands is predominantly ethnically monochromatic, and due to historically low levels of foreign migrants, significant domestic migrants undermine the identity of the region, and political parties and cultural institutions (including religions) are on a regional basis. It has a country base. Officially, Faroese identity is mainly expressed in speaking the Faroese language and being born and raised in this country. People are aware of these differences based on differences in dialects and village origins, but these have no political significance.