History and Impact of Literature on the Development of Human Society

History is a way to learn about the past. However, it can also tell us about the present and the future. There are different kinds of people and different stages of our culture in every time period. Before, each person was a product of their own time. As a species, we change every day, and we wouldn’t know anything about the past if it weren’t for literature.

Literature lets people go back in time and learn about how people lived on Earth before us. As a result, we can know more about different cultures and learn to appreciate them more. We learn about history from how it is written down, in manuscripts, and speech.

We can learn about the history of ancient Egypt from hieroglyphs and paintings from that time. Due to this, we now also know about Egyptian culture through the symbols they left behind. This script is different from Greek and Roman culture, which is easier to find because their writing was always accurate.

Literature shows how powerful words can be. They can spark a meaning, change a country, start movements, and are eternal at the same time. They will always live longer than their speaker.

History of Literature

History of Literature
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Literature, which comes from Latin, means “knowledge of the written word,” is the written work of a particular culture, subculture, religion, or philosophy, or the study of such work. This written work can be poetry or prose. In the west, literature began in the city of Uruk in the southern Mesopotamia region of Sumer around 3200 BCE. It then grew in Egypt, Greece, and Rome. On the other hand, writing seems to have started in China, Mesoamerica, and other places.

Enheduanna, the high priestess of Ur, wrote praise songs for the Sumerian goddess Inanna between 2285 and 2250 BCE. She was the first person whose name is known to have written something. A lot of the early literature from Mesopotamia is about the gods and their actions. However, as time went on, poems like Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta and Lugalbanda and Mount Hurrum became about people (2600-2000 BCE). The division of literature happens to be into fiction and non-fiction for study. Still, these categories are often random because ancient literature was not understood the same way by those who wrote the stories down and those who heard them spoken or sung before they could read.

Old Literature Examples

Old Literature
Credit: Pixabay

Pyramid Texts of Egypt also regarded literature, relate of the soul’s passage to the hereafter in the Field of Reeds. Unlike Mesopotamian Naru Literature, these texts portrayed the subject as fact. Egyptian religious culture had its base on the afterlife and the role of the gods in one’s endless journey, of which life on Earth was merely a portion. Homer’s Iliad recounts the ten-year war between the Greeks and the Trojans, while his Odyssey tells of Odysseus’ journey home after the war to his beloved wife Penelope of Ithaca. Like the others mentioned, these works reinforced cultural values without concern for what may or may not have happened in the war with Troy.

Many people now believe the biblical Book of Exodus (1446 BCE) to be historically accurate. Nonetheless, it was written from the beginning to strengthen Yahweh’s devotees, urge them to avoid the indigenous peoples of Canaan’s temptations, and enhance the audience’s view of themselves as a chosen people of an all-powerful deity.

The Song of Songs (950 BCE) from the Hebrew scripture of the Tanakh immortalizes the intense love between a man and a woman. The Mahabharata (800-400 BCE) describes the formation of a country, whereas the Ramayana (200 BCE) recounts Rama’s rescue of Sita from Ravna. The books in Assyrian King Asurbanipal’s library (647-627 BCE) describe the heroic actions of gods, goddesses, and ancient Mesopotamian rulers, including Enmerkar, Lugalbanda, and Gilgamesh. Samuel Noah Kramer says early Sumerian arts and culture reflect in present times, notably in literature.

Acquiring an Understanding of the Nature of Life through Literature

Entertaining literature captivates its readers via tension, humor, and the intense action of an exciting story. However, the highest quality writing goes beyond the simple act. It demonstrates to the reader the author’s insights into human nature. It illustrates how complex human nature, activity, and situation interrelate to produce complex cascades of effects and consequences.

Literature of a higher caliber represents the intricate interactions between the events, the people who take part in those events, and the society in which those events occur. The most exceptional works of literature go far beyond. It gives insights into individual and social character, but it also reveals insights into the nature of life itself. The advent of a new subfield of literary criticism that examines literature as a reflection of life and derives from it deeper insights into the nature of life will provide a means by which we may access the profound knowledge contained within our vast archive of works from around the world.

Even one’s own life experiences cannot compare to their worth since, throughout our own lives, we are only half-conscious and far too absorbed in the activity to accurately discern the meaning of what is happening. Gaining intuitive understanding may happen by reading great literature, but the wisdom gained via direct spiritual experience surpasses it. Great literature reveals both minute details exposed by critical examination and crucial information offered by a synthesis that transcends mental logic to represent the infinite. This experience is similar to how scientists have been able to delve more deeply into the mysteries of the infinitesimal and the infinite over the past few centuries as they have acquired increasingly powerful instruments.

Revolutionary Literature

Revolutionary literature. Literature may end political unrest, societal injustice, and genocide. Words are a writer’s weapon. He might be a revolutionist by writing against corruption in his country and promoting progress. Bloodless revolutions are possible.

Martin Luther, a German monk notable for reforming the Christian church during the Renaissance, fastened his 95 Theses to a cathedral door to expose the Roman Catholic Church’s corruption of wealth and tithes. His ex-communication happened because of his profane outcry, and the Christian church split into Catholicism and Protestantism. Victor Hugo’s novels Les Miserables and also The Hunchback of Notre Dame depict the French Revolution and French romantic literature. Anne Frank, a Jewish girl who was a victim of the Holocaust during Hitler’s rule in Nazi Germany, was an innocent teenager when she began her diary. The diary became known as The Diary of a Young Girl and was one of the most read novels of the 20th century, with readers sympathizing with Holocaust victims.

Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet-Beecher Stowe and 12 Years a Slave by Solomon Northup described the cruelties and difficulties of southern Negro slaves. These novels sparked the Civil War, which ended slavery and emancipated African-Americans. I Have a Dream, Martin Luther King Jr.’s iconic speech expresses his wish for a new, free America for Whites and Blacks alike. Martin Luther King Jr. crafted and delivered his 1960s speech with guts and ambition. In the late 1960s, the Hippie Movement helped transform society from conservatism to modernism. Imagine by John Lennon sums up the hippy philosophy: Make love, not war.

Impact of Literature

Impact of Literature

Many people in society think that literature isn’t essential and don’t realize how much wisdom it can give us. Most of the time, these people make it seem like people who are more interested in science and math will only have good jobs. However, students who are more interested in humanities or arts subjects like languages, literature, and other subjects will have to make do with low-paying jobs. So most of the time, people think that literature doesn’t matter. Yet, on the other hand, many individuals turn to literature to enhance their knowledge of history and the wider world.

Making People Think and Understand More

First of all, literature helps us open our minds and change how we think and feel about the world. It lets us think outside the box. This act helps us start to think, ask questions, and understand things better.

Literature Teaches People How to Think Critically

Critical thinking is a skill you need to learn and understand things well and in-depth. We know to figure out what’s going on between the lines when we read. We learn to look for different symbols and themes and links between things. This knowledge helps us figure out the hidden messages and what we think about them.

A Look Back at the Past

There will always be a connection between history and literature. History makes literature, and literature keeps history alive. We learn about the heroes, people, customs and traditions, way of life, fashion, and interests of that time while we study literature and history at the same time. People have changed a lot since the 14th century, so the world is not the same as then. Without literature, we wouldn’t know about the characters, social and political issues, history, and people who lived before us and walked the same ground.

Learn About the Culture and Beliefs of Other People

Reading literature teaches us about history, religion, customs, and traditions. It also helps us understand the beliefs and customs of people who are different from us. Literature helps us understand how people in other parts of the world live.

Literature Makes Writing Skills Better

Reading literature is a great way to improve and strengthen your writing skills. Reading is one of the best ways to improve your writing skills and style. Do you ever think to yourself as you read a book, “How did this person come up with and write this?” Most authors, playwrights, and poets read a lot of literature before they started writing themselves.

Literature Makes People Wiser

Literature grows knowledge in readers’ minds and helps them understand the difference between good and evil and the need for justice. However, literature can’t make us better people, but it can help us a lot in our quest. It can improve the way we live if we look at literary texts and try to figure out what they mean and what lessons they have for us. We learn what is good and evil in the world, and we gain knowledge to deal with unfairness and its effects. Literature can make us think about what we can do to solve the problems it shows.

Knowing How People Think

Knowing How People Think
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Literature is full of what people do and how they feel. Plays, novels, poems, epics, essays, and diaries all skillfully show how people think and feel. As we read and think about literature, we learn more about human psychology by looking at how different characters act and think.

Developing Empathy

Literature can help people feel more empathy because it makes them more knowledgeable. This knowledge in turn helps them understand and tell things apart as they grow up. Literature lets people experience each other’s lives and living them by exploring all of the feelings, experiences, and points of view that people have. Which, in reality, makes it easier to understand how someone feels and what’s going on in their life. Most importantly, it makes it easier to show empathy without sympathy. Literature has a lot of effects on us in real life and inspires us to come up with new ideas and plans.

Literature Boosts Your Vocabulary

What someone reads and how well they know words can tell you a lot about them. Literature has both hard and easy terms, and reading a wide range of books helps you learn more words and how to use them. In addition, playing with words helps push yourself and get attached to new words, their spellings, and their different meanings. This activity allows you to build your vocabulary and your confidence.

Literature Helps Us Figure Out Who We Are

Literature helps us learn more about ourselves and how we react because we naturally compare our lives to those in literature. When we compare and contrast the views of different authors and our own, we learn more about how people react and how we react. By studying literature, we can learn about ourselves and grow as people.

Places to have Fun

Developing a taste for literature becomes a great way to have fun and pass the time. Reading books, plays, dramas, and non-fiction has become a big hobby for many people, and they love to spend their free time with books. It is an excellent hobby if it gives you knowledge, information, and “pearls of wisdom” and gives you fun.

Talking to People

One of the essential things about literature, whether it’s a novel, a play, a poem, or something else, is that it talks about human nature and things that affect everyone. These could be the need for progress, the confusion, horrors of success and failure, the need for friends and family, the generosity of compassion and empathy, confidence, or the perception of being imperfect. Through literature, we learn that being flawed isn’t always bad and that being perfect all the time can be tedious. We understand that life is something to enjoy and live to its fullest. In short, we need literature to connect with what it means to be human.

Why Grammar is Important in Literature

Credit: Pecha Kucha

Grammar is essential in literature because it makes it easier to read, making the writing better and more likely to be reread. If you create fiction stories, you need to edit them when you finish, even if some readers may not care about this detail.

If there are grammar mistakes, it is harder for the reader to understand what is going on in the story. This reason is why getting it right is so important. There are many ways to show off your writing skills, but grammar is one of the best ways to show how well you can tell a story.

The most important thing is that it’s harder to explain different things in stories without good grammar. If we make mistakes with grammar, it’s also more accessible for the reader to think that what we say doesn’t make sense. Even if they don’t realize it right away, lousy grammar makes them feel uncomfortable because it doesn’t make sense. If the words don’t make sense together, the reader won’t want to figure out what you’re trying to say.

If we want people to read what we write, we need to use correct grammar. It keeps things moving smoothly, which makes it easier for the reader to get into the story the writer is telling. And that’s the whole point.

Literature in the 21st Century

Literature in the 21st Century
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Literature still exists in the modern world as an art form, a way to learn new things and have fun. People who desire to expand their knowledge read books. People who enjoy letting their imaginations run wild enjoy reading novels. Literature is a source of inspiration for new ideas. It allows users to express their opinions on various topics, such as politics, health, religion, and so on. Literature is at the heart of songs, rhythmic and harmonious pieces that tell stories and give people ideas. Films are like pictures of the words on a page, and they provide the observations on the page of life and action, which we can find in magazines, newspapers, TV, radio, and even the internet. It is everywhere and in every place. We can all feel the power of good writing affecting many generations and lasts a long time.


While some literary and poetic works teach us valuable life lessons, many others provoke us to reflect. Some pieces are noted for their simple entertainment value, while others are known for their intrigue value. In addition, many works of literature build a deep connection with their audience through telling stories or conveying a message. The sentiments represented in these works tend to resonate with readers, who get emotionally involved in them. As a result, literature has a profound influence on readers’ thoughts and, as a result, on their lives.

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