Israel-Palestine Foreign Relations and Conflicts

The war between Israel and Palestine is an ongoing struggle for violence between Israelis and Palestinians. Various attempts have been made to resolve the conflict as part of the Israeli-Palestinian peace process. It has been described as the “most unstoppable conflict” in the world, with Israel continuing the West Bank and Gaza Strip for 54 years.

The public declaration of claims in the Jewish state in Palestine, including the 1897 First Zionist Congress and the 1917 Balfour Declaration, sparked initial conflicts in the region. At that time, the region had a small Jewish population, although this was growing by significant Jewish emigration. After the launch of the Palestinian Authority, which included a binding obligation on the British government to “establish in Palestine the home of the Jewish people” the conflict escalated into a sectarian dispute between Jews and Arabs. [quotation needed to confirm] Attempts to resolve the first conflict ended in 1947 The United Nations Partition Plan of Palestine and the Palestinian War of 1947–1949, marking the beginning of the comprehensive Arab-Israeli war. The current situation in Israel and Palestine began following the entry of Israeli troops into the Palestinian territories during the 1967 six-day war. Without a long-running peace process, Israelis and Palestinians failed to reach a final peace agreement. Progress is being made with regard to the two-state solution to the Oslo Treaty of 1993-1995, but today Palestinians are still relying on Israeli military attacks on the Gaza Strip and the 165 islands across the West Bank. Key issues that have hampered further progress are security, borders, water rights, control of Jerusalem, Israeli settlements. Palestinian freedom of movement and the right to return to Palestine. Conflict violence, in a region with historic, cultural and religious backgrounds around the world, has been the subject of numerous international conferences on historical rights, security issues and human rights, and has been a major obstacle to tourism in many areas. Many attempts have been made to find a solution to the two empires, including the formation of the independent Palestinian state and the State of Israel (after the establishment of Israel in 1948). In 2007, the majority of Israelis and Palestinians, by a majority vote, chose a two-state solution rather than any other solution as a means of resolving the conflict.

The mother of Palestinian Rasheed Abu Arra, who was killed during clashes with Israeli forces, mourns her son alongside other women, in the town of Aqqaba near Tubas, in the Israeli-occupied West Bank, May 12, 2021. REUTERS/Raneen Sawafta

In the Israeli and Palestinian communities, controversy creates a variety of perspectives. This underscores the deep divisions that exist not only between Israelis and Palestinians, but also in individual communities. The hallmark of the conflict has been the level of violence seen almost all its time. Fighting was carried out by regular troops, military units, fearsome cells and individuals. The wounded were not limited to the military, with a large number of casualties on both sides. There are prominent international actors involved in this controversy. The majority of Jews see the need for a Palestinian state for independence, and they think that Israel can accept the establishment of such a state. The majority of Palestinians and Israelis in the West Bank and Gaza Strip have expressed interest in a two-state solution. Significant mistrust and disagreement are as deep as the problems at hand, as is the case with reconciliation. doubts about the commitment of the other party to keep the obligations in the final agreement.

Israel Palestine Relations

US Vice President Joe Biden, left, and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, shake hands for the press at the presidential compound in Ramallah, West Bank, Wednesday, March 9, 2016. (Debbie Hill, Pool via AP)

Israeli-Palestinian relations refer to the political, security, economic and unity relations between the State of Israel and the Palestinian Authority (as well as the previous Palestinian Authority and the former Palestinian Liberation Organization). Israel and the PLO began to participate in the late 1980s and early 1990s in what became the Israeli-Palestinian peace process, finally culminating in the Oslo Accords in 1993. Shortly thereafter, the National Assembly was established and within the next 6 years established a network of economic and security links with Israel, known as the fully independent autonomous region. In the year 2000, relations deteriorated sharply when the Al-Aqsa Intifada exploded – the rapid escalation of the Israeli-Palestinian war. Events dropped in 2005, with amnesty and an end to the shooting. The situation was further complicated by the secession of Palestine Authority in 2007, the violent split of Fatah and Hamas factions, and the takeover of Hamas on the Gaza Strip. Hamas’ takeover has led to a complete rift between Israel and the Palestinian faction in the Gaza Strip, with all relations severed except for limited public services cut off.


Land in the lighter shade represents territory within the borders of Israel at the conclusion of the 1948 war. This land is internationally recognized as belonging to Israel.
credit: wikipedia

The Israeli-Palestinian war dates back to the late 19th and early 20th centuries, when large ethnic groups were born between Jews and Arabs, both of which were aimed at gaining control of their people in the Middle East. The Balfour Declaration was a public statement issued by the British government in 1917 during the First World War announcing support for the establishment of a “Jewish tribal home” in Palestine. Conflict between the two groups south of the Levant from which Palestinian nationalism emerged after the Franco-Syria war in the 1920s escalated into a sectarian war in Mandatory Palestine in the 1930s and 1940s, and escalated into widespread Arab-Israeli conflict.

The return of many stubborn Palestinian Arab states, under the emerging leadership of Haj Amin al-Husseini, from Damascus to Palestine Authorized was the beginning of the Palestinian Arab struggle for the establishment of a Palestinian Arab nation. Amin al-Husseini, founder of the Palestinian Arab League, quickly marked the Jewish movement and the Jewish migration to Palestine as the only enemy in his view, initiating major anti-Semitic riots in the early 1920’s in Jerusalem and in 1921 in Jaffa. Among the results of the violence was the formation of the Jewish militia Haganah. In 1929, a series of violent revolutions against Jews were initiated by the Arab leadership. The unrest led to massacres of Jews in Hebron and Safed, as well as the exodus of Jews from Hebron and Gaza.

Peace process

Taba Summit

The Israeli negotiating team unveiled a new map at the Taba conference in Taba, Egypt in January 2001. The proposal removed areas “temporarily controlled by Israel”, and the Palestinian side accepted this as a basis for further talks. As the Israeli election drew to a close the negotiations ended without agreement but both sides issued a joint statement confirming the progress they had made: “The parties declare that they have never approached an agreement and therefore it is our common belief that the remaining vacancies can be filled with renewed negotiations. The following month Likud party representative Ariel Sharon defeated Ehud Barak in the Israeli election and was elected prime minister of Israel on February 7, 2001. Sharon’s new government chose not to return high-level talks.

Arab Peace initiative

The Arab Peace Initiative was first proposed by Prince Abdullah of Saudi Arabia at the Beirut conference (2002). The peace effort is a proposed solution to the Arab-Israeli conflict as a whole, as well as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in particular.  The plan was first published on March 28, 2002, at the Beirut conference, and was approved in 2007 at the Riyadh conference.

In contrast to the Road Map for Peace, it has defined the boundaries of a “final solution” that is clearly based on UN standards established before the six-day 1967 war. It has provided full-fledged relations with Israel, with the aim of withdrawing its troops from all occupied territories, including the Golan Heights, accepting “Palestinian independent state with East Jerusalem as its capital” on the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and “correct solution” for Palestinian refugees.  Many Israeli officials responded with support and criticism. The Israeli government has expressed doubts about the ‘red line,’ such as the problems of Palestinian refugees, security concerns in the country, and the state of Jerusalem. However, the Arab League continues to propose it as a solution, and meetings between the Arab League and Israel have been held.

Current situation in Israel

Israel Palestine conflict

As Israeli bombings in Gaza rise and Palestinian death toll rises, the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement is issuing a new proclamation for consumers around the world to vote with their wallets and bring economic pressure on Israel and the international community. is a conspiracy ”in the misuse of Israel by the Palestinian people ‘rights.

“There is a growing consensus that Israel now, like the former South Africa, is an apartheid state that must face sanctions, boycotts and segregation,” Omar Barghouti, founder of the BDS, told Al Jazeera. Launched in 2005 by 170 Palestinian unions, refugee networks, women’s organizations, professional organizations, prominent opposition committees and other Palestinian community groups, the group received support and met with strong institutional opposition in its efforts to win justice in Palestine. At least 122 Palestinian people, including 31 children, lost their lives this week and 900 Palestinians were injured, as Israeli attacks on Gaza intensified and hostilities erupted between Israeli and Palestinian residents in the West Bank. At least eight Israeli and one Indian man have also been killed in rocket attacks in Gaza en route to Israel. In the midst of the bloodshed, the BDS organization issued a renewed invitation to five actions that supporters could begin to help end Israel’s work.

Social Justice and Institutional Resistance

While Israel’s occupation of Palestine is more than 70 years old, a renewed focus on social justice around the world during the COVID-19 epidemic has helped revitalize the area in support of the latest BDS initiative, Barghouti said. “What is different about this latest chapter of Israeli violence is the withdrawal of support for Palestinian rights and BDS from celebrities from Hollywood to Bollywood, cultures, leading football players in the UK and the Arab world, [and] the Black Lives Matter in and around the UK, ”He said. “It is a moral obligation for everyone who upholds justice, freedom and equal rights to raise their voices in Palestine and, most importantly, to take action to end the unity of their state, institution, city council or organization in the Israeli case against Palestinians,” Barghouti said.

For the BDS and its supporters, interpreting lower-level activism and allowing celebrities to make meaningful change continues to face opposition, especially in the United States, where efforts to challenge Israeli occupation of Palestine have met with anti-Semitic charges. In 2019, under the leadership of President Donald Trump, the lower house of Congress, the US House of Representatives, voted 398-to-17 in favor of a resolution condemning the BDS. This week saw Washington equate violence, with many Republicans and Democrats sticking out by declaring their support for Israel. According to a White House statement, U.S. President Joe Biden “extended his unwavering support for Israeli security and Israel’s legal right to self-defense and its people” over the phone this week with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.

Israel is the largest recipient of US foreign aid collection in the post-World War II era. Although it is now a high-income country with a high technology base, the US provided Israel with $ 3.3bn in taxpayer-provided security assistance last year, as well as an additional $ 500m in bilateral cooperation. Biden’s failure to publicly acknowledge Israel’s significant advantage over Palestine in terms of military power, resources, resources and US aid has called for the return of some of the ongoing Democrats in Congress. In her speech this week, Attorney Rashida Tlaib, a Palestinian, fought hard to hold back tears as she criticized Washington’s unconditional support for Israel and called on other Congressmen to put aid to Israel in line with international human rights. But the BDS and its supporters hope that as awareness of its campaign grows, public speaking will focus on justice in Palestine. The Jewish Voice for Peace, a nonprofit working to end Israeli activity in the West Bank, Gaza Strip and East Jerusalem, has launched the BDS organization in the US. Sonya Meyerson-Knox, communications manager at the Jewish Voice for Peace in the US, told Al Jazeera that efforts to “red line” the BDS and its supporters are following the pre-historic history of non-violent social justice organizations. “We have a right to support the BDS organization, especially when we look at how our tax money is spent,” Meyerson-Knox told Al Jazeera. “This is a tried and tested strategy that human rights organizations around the world have used for many years and we have reason to believe that the same outcome will work for Palestine.”

Support from US Congress Members

Army Gen. Mark A. Milley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, is hosted by Israeli Army Lt. Gen. Aviv Kohavi, Chief of the Israeli General Staff, at The Kirya in Tel Aviv, Israel, Nov. 24, 2019. (DOD photo by U.S. Navy Petty Officer 1st Class Dominique A. Pineiro)
credit: https://wikipedia

Several Democrats are urging the authorities to take responsibility and protect the rights of the Palestinian people, as some show full support for Israel amid the Gaza conflict.
Many members of the Democratic House of Representatives have spoken out against the support of American troops in Israel and demanded the protection of the rights of Palestinian people, unlike other Democrats and Republicans who have expressed their full support for Israel during the ongoing Gaza Strip.

In a speech at the House, Rashida Tlaib criticized President Joe Biden and other officials for making statements that he did not accept “Palestinian identity”.

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