Sunrise over ancient temples in Bhaktapur, UNESCO World Heritage Site on the eastern corner of the Kathmandu Valley, Bagmati, Nepal

Nepal: Tourism in South Asia

Nepal is a beautiful country with endless spectacular scenery, spectacular lakes and sparkling lakes. The country is one of the most promising countries in the world of technology and tourism. With the diversity of flora and fauna in the country, Nepal recognizes some of the rare species such as the horned rhino, Bengal Tiger. Nepal officially is also known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. This is a sovereign country in South Asia. This country is mainly located in Himalayas. Somewhat this country also consists some parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plains. This country ranks 49th largest country by population in the world. It is the 93rd largest country by area in the world. It is a landlocked country. It is situated at the borders of Tibet in the North; India in the South, East and West as well. Where Bangladesh is located at 27 km from Nepal. Nepal has a diverse geography. It includes fertile plains and subalpine forested hills. It has eight of the ten tallest mountains in the world.

The world’s highest mountain i.e. Mount Everest is also located at the it border. According to the elevation Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world. This is also known as the highest point on Earth. The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu and it is the largest city.

Culture and Vesture

Nepali culture includes the cultural diversity of 125 Nepalese ethnic groups. Nepali culture is expressed through music and dance; art and crafts; myths; languages ​​and texts; philosophy and religion; festivals and celebrations; food and drink. People of different religions and beliefs are prominent features of Nepali society. Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam and Christianity are the major religions practiced in Nepal. People have a sense of unity, even though they live in a diverse society.

                      Nepalese with their Traditional wear

The traditional costume in Nepal is Daura Suruwal. Daura is a cloth which people wear in the upper body. Daura means a shirt or Kurta whereas Suruwal is a cloth which is like a trouser. This costume was loved by the Nepali peoples and it remained the same for the long times. That feels so nostalgia nowadays in Nepal. All the men and women wear traditional costume in Nepal. There is the simplicity and sensibility in the culture of Nepal. The clothing style in Nepal is simple and sober still. There is no changes in their lifestyle.  The nepali women wear traditional costumes like saree or a kurta.

They used to wear leggings in the bottom of kurtas. They follow the tradition and culture of their country. In the current times, the young generation wear jeans and eastern style moderated tops with jeans. Today’s generation wear the western style dresses.

The Nepali women also wear a famous costume that is called as Achra Khadki .  This costume is also known as by the name Tharu. This attire is the hand made designed cloths.The Dhimal community makes this handmade attire which is worn by women in Nepal. The fabric of Achra is Cotton with the handmade designs and printings on it.

           Handmade and printed dress


The official language which is spoken in Nepal is ‘Nepali’ . This language is also known as by ‘Gorkhali.  There are 123 official Napalese language. All these languages are spoken as a mother tongue in Nepal. In some context it is also called as khas kura (Devnagari) and Parbatiya. 48 languages are the Indo-European languages out of 123 total Nepali languages. These Indo-European languages are the Indo-Aryan languages (Indic). English is not included in the Indic languages whereas other languages include English language.

It constitutes the largest group in terms of the numeric strength of their speakers, it is nearly about 82.1% of the total population. Some languages  are included in this group viz Nepali language , Bhojpuri language, Awadhi language, Maithili language, Tharu languages and Urdu language etc.

According to the 2011 Census, below is the language chart for the total number of language family.

       Language family              Number            Percentage
      Indo-European          21,752,496              82.1%
    Austro  –  Asiastic               49,858                0.19%
     Dravidian               33,651                0.135
   Sino-Tibetan             4,584,871               17.31%
  Others/Not reported               73,375               0.27%
             Total           26,494,504                100%

Affectionate Atmosphere

young girl wearing Nepali                     costume

I have visited Nepal in the year 2010.At that time,  I wanted to travel some beautiful place in South Asia and I found Nepal is the only stunning place to have a great fun. I have decided to take a break and relax by taking a trip through one of the most diverse and rich countries in Asia. I have spent a wonderful time in this beautiful country traveling from one amazing place to another. There was plenty to see, food to eat, and fun activities to try; I have found only a fraction of them, and I will share with you the story of my journey. The first thing I noticed about Nepal is its people. There are so kind and friendly, ready to help anyone in need. This can be a short statement that is helpful to many travellers in relation to the country they have visited. However, I say this because of what I have seen among the citizens themselves, rather than how they treat me as a guest. The little things I have seen among the people make me believe that the people of Nepali are a very good group. It shows the way bus

drivers and passengers alike keep the bus waiting for the last passenger left behind.

It is clear how the driver of the car smiles and spreads the child running down the

street behind his ball. People are like a hot soup on a rainy day; always warm & humble.

Conversations start naturally as if you have known each other for years.I still remember the girl. who was saying to me “Hey, Please do come back and eat in my

restaurant only with so hearted voice”. Her smile was loveable.

Formation and Constitution

The Kingdom of Nepal was founded on September 25, 1768. It was founded by Prithvi Narayan Shah. He was the king of Gorkha who succeeded in uniting the kingdoms of Kathmandu, Patan, and Bhaktapur into one state under his Shah’s rule. The state of Nepal was the jure empire completely in its great history. After decades of conflict between medieval empires, modern Nepal was annexed in the latter part of the 18th century, when Prithvi Narayan Shah, ruler of the small kingdom of Gorkha, formed a united country from the highlands of the independent mountains.

After independence in 1947, Nepal refused to join the Indian Union so today it is a different country. It is not the part of India now. India and Nepal both are the different countries. It is said that Nepal lies at the border of India.

In the year 201, the religion of Nepal was in the categories like:

81.3% were Hinduism, 9% were Buddhism, 4.4% were Islam, 3.1% were Kirant, 1.4% were Christianity, 0.5% were Prakriti and 0.3% were other category people. The Demonym of Nepal is Nepali or Nepalese. The membership of Nepalese was UN (United Nations), SAARC (The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) and  BIMSTEC (The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation).


If you are going to Nepal for the first time then you can go with The Bus route, Flight route and by your own vehicles viz car. There is no dangerous route if you want to travel by road trip. I myself visited by my own vehicle Car. The buses are easily available in Delhi. You can pick the bus from the Dr Ambedkar Stadium Terminal. The route is very fine from Delhi to Nepal. If you are from abroad the first you can travel by flight from your place to Delhi Airport. Then search a bus from Delhi to Nepal. The charges are easily bearable from Delhi to Nepal if you are going through bus. Nepal is the one day tourism place. It is a small country so you can cover all the things there in a day only. Take a bus from Delhi in the morning around 10 AM IST. This bus goes directly to Kathmandu, capital of Nepal. It will take 27-30 hours approximately. The ticket charges would be around 2300 INR per passenger. This bus is a fully AC and contains all the facilities for the passengers. It is a sitting bus so there is no facility for sleeping as it has no sleeper area.

                  Map of Nepal

During visiting you must have your own identity card. You can use any identification proof i.e Voter ID card, Aadhar card, Driver licence. This identity card will be helpful for you during travelling to new places. The flight is also available from Delhi to Kathmandu. The charges would be 5000-6000 INR approximately per person. The difference in both plans are the time duration. The bus takes 27- 30 Hours while aeroplane takes 5-10 hours only. You can plan your journey as per your convenience. Train route is also there from Delhi to Nepal. There are two borders to go through the Train. One is from Raxaul, Bihar and another is Gorakhpur, UP. The charges would be like 450 INR in SLP, 1225 INR in 3rd AC, 1775 INR in 2nd AC and 3020 INR in 1st AC.

When you enter at the border of Nepal, first you have to change your currency to Nepal currency. Indian currency is also applicable there but some notes are not applicable there like 500 note, 200 note etc. So it is good to change the currency there first. The currency conversion from Indian currency to Nepali currency is like 100 INR is equivalent to 160 Nepali Rupee. You will see a large and beautiful view with the Sharda River at the border of Nepal. You can shop there as there are many  small and beautiful shops are available there.

Have fun and enjoy the trip to the fullest.

Happy and safe journey.

Related: 7 Tourist Attractions in Pokhara Blog by Traveling Per Second

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Is Nepal safe to travel?

Ans: Yes. It is safe to visit and be with your all the safety measures with you. Travel with your all the required documents like your identity cards. There are many routes to travel. You can travel as per your convenience. Train, Bus, Car, Bike, Flight all the plans are good to go.

Q: Who formed Nepal and When?

Ans: Kingdom was founded by Prithvi Narayan Shah in  September 25, 1768. He was the king of Gorkha who succeeded in uniting the kingdoms of Kathmandu, Patan, and Bhaktapur into one state under his Shah’s rule.

Q: For what Nepal is famous?

Ans: Nepal is  the arid land between India and China, known for its peaks. The smallest country has eight of the ten highest peaks in the world, including Mount Everest and Kanchenjunga – the world’s tallest and third.

Q: How many languages are spoken in Nepal?

Ans: Nepali is the official language which is spoken in Nepal. This language is also known as by ‘Gorkhali’ .  There are 123 official Napalese language. All these languages are spoken as a mother tongue in Nepal.

Q: Who is known as the mother of Nepal?

Ans: Megha Kumari Rajya is the mother of Nepal.

Q: How many days Nepal trip take to travel?

Ans: Nepal is the one day trip itself. Nepal is a small country and it is easily able to cover all the things in a day.

Q: What is the capital of Nepal?

Ans: The capital of Nepal is ‘Kathmandu’. Kathmandu is the largest city.

Q: What is the emblem of Nepal’s national flag?

Ans: Himalayan Monal is the symbol of national flag of Nepal. Himalayan Monal is the national bird of Nepal. This bird is also known as Danfe in Nepali language.

Q: Are Nepal and India two different countries?

Ans: Yes. India and Nepal are two different countries. Nepal is located at the border of India. After the independence in 1947, Nepal and India got separated countries.

Q: Is it necessary to change the currency in Nepal?

Ans: Yes. If you are from another country then you must change your national currency with the Nepali currency. Thee are many shops where you can change the currency. The Indian currency is applicable there but some notes are not. The 500 Rupee note and 200 rupee note are not applicable there.

Q: How many colors are present in the Nepal’s national flag?

Ans: The Nepal’s flag is a combination of two pennons. Blue and red color are present in the flag. There is a symbol of Himalayan Monal. It is a national bird of Nepal.

2 thoughts on “Nepal: Tourism in South Asia

  1. Nice article. This helped me in getting complete knowledge of Nepal. Keep writing this way so that it help everyone. Awesome bro 👍🏻👍🏻

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