The St. Peter’s Basilica
The St. Peter’s Basilica in the Vatican or Saint Peter’s Basilica is a Renaissance-style church in Vatican City. This city is a papal city within the city of Rome. Peter’s Basilica is a Latin term which means “Basilica Sancti Petri”.
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St. Peter’s is a well-known work on the construction of the Renaissance. It is the largest church in the world. Although it is not the mother church of the Catholic Church or the cathedral of the Roman Diocese as well.
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St. Peter’s is considered one of the most sacred Catholic shrines. It has been considered as “an unique figure in the Christian world” and as “the largest of Christendom’s churches”. St. Peter is a Renaissance-style church located in Vatican City west of the Tiber River and close to Janiculum Hill and Hadus’s Mausoleum. Its central dome dominates high in Rome. The church approaches St.Peter’s Square, a front porch of two sections, both surrounded by long cottons. The first space is oval and the second trapezoidal. The basilica façade, with a large order of columns, is simple across the square and is approached by stairs with two 5.55 meters (18.2 ft) statues of the first-century apostles to Rome, Saints Peter and Paul.
Catholic tradition has it that the church is the burial place of Saint Peter, the chief among Jesus’ apostles and the first Roman Bishop (Pope). Santa Peter ‘s tomb is said to be below the church’s highest altar. Just because of this reason, many popes have been interviewed in St. Peter since early Christian times. The church has been in this area since the time of Roman Emperor Constantine the Great. Old St. Peter’s Basilica dates back to the 4th century AD. Construction of the current church began on April 18, 1506 and was completed on November 18, 1626.
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Pope Julius’ program of Christendom’s largest building was the subject of a contest where several exhibitions took place at the Uffizi Gallery, Florence. Donato Bramante has designed this and also got selected. Also the foundation stone was laid in the year 1506. The structure was in the form of a large Greek cross with a dome inspired by that of the great circular Roman temple, the Pantheon. The main difference between Bramante’s design and the Pantheon is that when the Pantheon dome was supported by a continuous wall, that new church would be supported only by the four main pillars. This feature was retained in the final construction. Bramante’s dome would be demolished by a ton with its own small dome but otherwise very similar to the lantern form Early Renaissance of Florence Cathedral designed for Brunelleschi’s dome by Michelozzo.
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The internal size is larger compared to other churches. One author wrote: “It’s a little clearer – as we watch people approach this monument or miracle, surprisingly they seem to be declining; of course, a decrease in the proportion of everything in the building. This change overcomes us.”
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Michelangelo has taken the place of the building where the four pipes, the largest of which were built from ancient Roman times. And were rising behind the remaining barn of the old church. He inherited many techniques that were designed and redesigned by some of the greatest architectural and engineering minds of the 16th century. They all asked for a dome to be the equivalent of the one built by Brunelleschi a hundred years ago and now occupies the upper Renaissance Florence, and they all asked for a corresponding system of Greek Cross form, such as St. Mark’s Basilica in Venice, or by the Latin Cross with three symbols of the same shape to be eroded.
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Diameter of Dome(From outside): 42 meter or 138 ft.
Diameter of Dome(From Inside): 41.5 meter or 136 ft.
Designated in: 1984 (8th session)
Western Wall, Jerusalem (Judaism)
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The Western Wall in the Old City of Jerusalem is a place of prayer and pilgrimage for the Jewish people. Only the remains of the last wall surrounding the Temple Mount, the site of the First and Second Temples in Jerusalem, are held especially sacred by the ancient Jews. The First Temple was destroyed by the Babylonians in 587-586 BCE, and the Second Temple was destroyed by the Romans in 70 CE.
The authenticity of the Western Wall is confirmed by Culture, History, and Archeology. The wall dates back to about the 2nd century BCE and its upper parts are added one day. The descriptions of wall survival vary and one suggests that God preserved the passage for the Jewish people, while another states that Titus left it as a tragic reminder of the Roman conquest of Judea.
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As seen today, the Western Wall measures 50 meters (160 feet) in height and about 20 feet (60 feet) high; the wall, however, extends to the depths of the earth. Jewish religions there originated with the early Byzantine period and confirmed the rabbinic belief that “the Presence of God will never depart from the Wall.” The Jews lamented the destruction of the Temple and prayed for its restoration, and it has long been a matter of pushing paper slips with wishes or prayers in the cracks in the wall. Such names as the Wailing Wall were coined by European travellers who saw the grieving vigils of the holy Jews before the remnant.
Because the wall is now part of the massive wall surrounding the Islamic Rock and Al-Aqṣā Mosque, Jews and Arabs have repeatedly argued over control of the wall and, more often, the right to enter it. That battle has been especially intense since the Israeli government took control of the Old City after the June 1967 War.
How do people pray at the western wall?
For many hours a day the Western Wall is full of people deeply in prayer. Many lean forward and touch their foreheads on the rocks. With their eyes closed, they whispered their wishes and kissed the wall when they finished praying.
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Great Mosque of Mecca
The Great Mosque of Mecca is also known as the Masjid al-Haram. This Mosque is the largest Muslim church in the world. It is located in the city of Mecca, around the Kaaba, the place where Muslims around the world turn for daily prayers and is the holiest place for Muslims.
In August 2020, the Great Mosque was considered as the largest mosque and the eighth largest building in the world. The Great Mosque has been renovated and greatly expanded over the years. It has passed under the control of various caliphs, sultans and kings, and is now under the rule of the Saudi Arabian King Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques.
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The Great Mosque competes with the Mosque of the Companions in the Eritrean city of Massawa and the Quba Mosque in Medina as the oldest mosque. According to some scholars, the Islamic tradition of the Quran states that the Islamic view of Islam as a religion precedes Muhammad, representing earlier prophets such as Abraham. Abraham is praised by Muslims for building the Kaaba in Mecca, and as a result its sanctuary, from a Muslim point of view, is considered the first church to exist. According to scholars, Islam originated during the time of Muhammad in the 7th century CE, as well as building materials such as the Islamic church. If so, the Mosque of the Companions or the Quba Mosque may be the first church built in Islamic history.
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The Great Mosque was constructed by Prophet Muhammad. It was the second mosque built by the Prophet Muhammad in Medina, after the Masjid Quba. Now it is one of the largest temples in the world. It is the second holiest site in Islam, after the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca. Although such a mosque has many structural modifications, the building remains an open, often roofed area, consisting of mihrab and minbar, with occasional structures.
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The Great Mosque of Mecca, Saudi Arabia, has a cube-shaped structure called the Ka —bah (Kaaba) —the holiest site in Islam. Every day, Muslims around the world face this shrine during prayers. It is one of the places of hajj, a journey that all Muslims should make at least once in their lives, if possible. Millions of worshipers therefore visit the Great Mosque of Mecca each year. The mosque is also called the Holy Mosque or Haram Mosque. Its Arabic name is al-Masjid al-Haram.
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The mosque includes a central rectangular courtyard surrounded by covered places of worship. In the courtyard stands the Kabah, made of gray stones and marble. For most of the year, the sanctuary is covered with a large black cloth. The Kabah is about 15 feet [15 m] high. Measure about 35 to 40 feet (10 by 14 feet) on the ground. The Kabah is designed so that its corners are almost the same as the compass points. The interior contains nothing but three pillars, which support the roof, and many silver and gold hanging lamps. The Pilgrims went to Mecca around the Kabah seven times.
Frequently Asked Questions:
A: The St. Peter’s Basilica, the Western Wall, Jerusalem (Judaism), the Great Mosque of Mecca are the three most sacred places in the world.
Q: Who constructed St. Peter’s Basilica?
A: St. Peter’s was constructed by famous architects. Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Carlo Maderno and Gian Lorenzo Bernini were the great architects. Also St. Peter’s is the most renowned work of Renaissance architecture .And later it is considered as the largest church in the world.
Q: Why St. Peter’s is a holy place?
A: The center of Christianity was founded by the Church of Saint Peter of Constantine in the 4th century. And, in time, the permanent seat of the Pope, the Vatican, is immediately the Catholic holy city, an important archaeological site of the Roman Empire and one of the great cultural artifacts.
Q: Which is the world’s largest mosque?
A: The Great mosque, Mecca or Masjid al-Haram is the largest mosque in the world. The city of Mecca incorporates many areas of Islamic history, most notably the Grand Mosque or al-Masjid al-Haram, the global Qibla of Muslims during the Umra and Hajj, as it includes the Prophet Ibrahim Kaaba. Inside the Kaaba are three wooden pillars that hold the roof of the Kaaba.
Q: Who can go to Mecca?
A: Only Muslims can go to Mecca. Non-Muslims are not allowed to go to Mecca. Even non-Muslims are not allowed to go through Mecca. There are high restrictions for non-Muslims, and they will result in penalties or fines.
Q: When and where was the great mosque built?
A: The great mosque was built in 1571.There were many renovations and expansions in this mosque. This mosque is located at Saudi Arabia.
Q: Why is the western wall famous?
A: The sanctity of the Western Wall in Judaism is the result of its proximity to the Temple Mount. Because of the restrictions on entering the Temple Mount, the wall is the most holy place where the Jews are allowed to pray, although the Foundation, the most holy place in the Jewish religion, is behind it.