Sunrise over ancient temples in Bhaktapur, UNESCO World Heritage Site on the eastern corner of the Kathmandu Valley, Bagmati, Nepal

Travel Guide: The Beautiful Landlocked Country of Nepal

Nepal is a beautiful country with endless spectacular scenery, spectacular lakes and sparkling lakes. The country is one of the most promising countries in the world of technology and tourism. With the diversity of flora and fauna in the country, Nepal recognizes some of the rare species such as the horned rhino Bengal Tiger. Nepal is officially also known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. This is a sovereign country in South Asia. This country is mainly located in the Himalayas. This country also consists of some parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plains. This country ranks 49th largest country by population in the world. It is the 93rd largest country by area in the world. It is a landlocked country. It is situated at the borders of Tibet in the North, India in the South, East and West as well. Bangladesh is located 27 km from Nepal. Nepal has a diverse geography. It includes fertile plains and subalpine forested hills. It has eight of the ten tallest mountains in the world.

The world’s highest mountain i.e. Mount Everest is also located at it border. According to the elevation, Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world. This is also known as the highest point on Earth. The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu and it is the largest city.

Nepal Culture

Nepali culture includes the cultural diversity of 125 Nepalese ethnic groups. Nepali culture is expressed through music and dance; art and crafts; myths; languages ​​and texts; philosophy and religion; festivals and celebrations; food and drink. People of different religions and beliefs are prominent features of Nepali society. Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam and Christianity are the major religions practiced in Nepal. People have a sense of unity, even though they live in a diverse society.

Nepalese with their Traditional wear

The traditional costume in Nepal is Daura Suruwal. Daura is a piece of clothing which people wear in the upper body. Daura means a shirt or Kurta, whereas Suruwal is a cloth which is like trousers. This costume was loved by the Nepali peoples and it remained the same for a long time. That feels so nostalgic nowadays in Nepal. All men and women wear traditional costume in Nepal. There is simplicity and sensibility in the culture of Nepal. The clothing style in Nepal is simple and sober still. There is no changes in their lifestyle.  The Nepali women wear traditional costumes like a saree or a kurta.

They used to wear leggings at the bottom of kurtas. They follow the tradition and culture of their country. In current times, the young generation wear jeans and eastern style moderated tops with jeans. Today’s generation wear western-style dresses.

The Nepali women also wear a famous costume that is called Achra Khadki .  This costume is also known by the name Tharu. This attire is hand-made clothes.The Dhimal community makes this handmade attire which is worn by women in Nepal. The fabric of Achra is cotton with handmade designs and printings on it.

Handmade and printed dress


The official language which is spoken in Nepal is ‘Nepali’ . This language is also known as ‘Gorkhali’ .  There are 123 official Napalese languages. All these languages are spoken as a mother tongue in Nepal. In some contexts, it is also called khas kura (Devnagari) and Parbatiya. 48 languages are the Indo-European languages out of 123 total Nepali languages. These Indo-European languages are the Indo-Aryan languages (Indic). English is not included in the Indic languages, whereas other languages include the English language.

It constitutes the largest group in terms of the numeric strength of their speakers. It is nearly about 82.1% of the total population. Some languages  are included in this group viz Nepali language , Bhojpuri language, Awadhi language, Maithili language, Tharu languages and Urdu language etc.

According to the 2011 Census, below is the language chart for the total number of language family.

       Language family              Number            Percentage
      Indo-European          21,752,496              82.1%
    Austro  –  Asiastic               49,858                0.19%
     Dravidian               33,651                0.135
   Sino-Tibetan             4,584,871               17.31%
  Others/Not reported               73,375               0.27%
             Total           26,494,504                100%

Formation and Constitution

The Kingdom of Nepal was founded on September 25, 1768. It was founded by Prithvi Narayan Shah. He was the king of Gorkha who succeeded in uniting the kingdoms of Kathmandu, Patan, and Bhaktapur into one state under his Shah’s rule. The state of Nepal was the most complete empire in its great history. After decades of conflict between medieval empires, modern Nepal was annexed in the latter part of the 18th century, when Prithvi Narayan Shah, ruler of the small kingdom of Gorkha, formed a united country from the highlands of the independent mountains.

After independence in 1947, Nepal refused to join the Indian Union, so today it is a different country. It is not a part of India now. India and Nepal are both different countries. It is said that Nepal lies at the border of India.

In the year 201, the religion of Nepal was in the categories like:

81.3% were Hinduism, 9% were Buddhism, 4.4% were Islam, 3.1% were Kirant, 1.4% were Christianity, 0.5% were Prakriti and 0.3% were other category people. The Demonym of Nepal is Nepali or Nepalese. The membership of the Nepalese were the UN (United Nations), SAARC (The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) and  BIMSTEC (The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation).


If you are going to Nepal for the first time then you can go by the bus route, flight route and by your own vehicles viz car. There is no dangerous route if you want to travel by road trip. I rented my own vehicle. The buses are easily available in Delhi. You can pick the bus from the Dr Ambedkar Stadium Terminal. The route is very fine from Delhi to Nepal. If you are from abroad, first you can travel by flight from your place to Delhi Airport. Then search a bus from Delhi to Nepal. The charges are easily bearable from Delhi to Nepal if you are going by bus. Nepal is a tourist tourist. It is a small country, so you can cover all the things there in a day only. Take a bus from Delhi in the morning at around 10 AM IST. This bus goes directly to Kathmandu, capital of Nepal. It will take 27-30 hours approximately. The ticket charges would be around 2300 INR per passenger. This bus has AC and contains all the facilities for the passengers. It is a sitting bus, so there is no facility for sleeping as it has no sleeper area.

Map of Nepal

When you visit, you must have your own identity card. You can use any identification proof, i.e a Voter ID card, Aadhar card, Driver licence. This identity card will be helpful for you when travelling to new places. The flight is also available from Delhi to Kathmandu. The charges would be approximately 5000 INR per person. The difference in both plans is the time duration. The bus takes 27- 30 hours, while the aeroplane takes 5-10 hours only. You can plan your journey as per your convenience. There is also a train route from Delhi to Nepal. There are two trains to go along the train. One is from Raxaul, Bihar and another is Gorakhpur, UP. The charges would be like 450 INR in SLP, 1225 INR in 3rd AC, 1775 INR in 2nd AC and 3020 INR in 1st AC.

When you enter the border of Nepal, first you have to change your currency to Nepal currency. Indian currency is also applicable there but some notes are not applicable there, like 500 notes, 200 notes etc. So it is good to change the currency there first. The currency conversion from Indian currency to Nepali currency is like 100 INR is equivalent to 160 Nepali Rupees. You will see a large and beautiful view of the Sharda River at the border of Nepal. You can shop there as there are many  small and beautiful shops are available there.

Have fun and enjoy the trip to the fullest.

Related: 7 Tourist Attractions in Pokhara Blog by Traveling Per Second

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Is Nepal safe to travel to?

A: Yes. It is safe to visit and be with you, all the safety measures with you. Travel with all the required documents, like your identity cards. There are many routes to travel. You can travel as per your convenience. Train, bus, car, bike, flight, all the plans are good to go.

Q: Who formed Nepal and when?

A: Kingdom was founded by Prithvi Narayan Shah on September 25, 1768. He was the king of Gorkha who succeeded in uniting the kingdoms of Kathmandu, Patan, and Bhaktapur into one state under his Shah’s rule.

Q: For what is Nepal famous?

A: Nepal is  the arid land between India and China, known for its peaks. The smallest country has eight of the ten highest peaks in the world, including Mount Everest and Kanchenjunga – the world’s tallest and third.

Q: How many languages are spoken in Nepal?

Ans: Nepali is the official language which is spoken in Nepal. This language is also known as by ‘Gorkhali’ .  There are 123 official Napalese language. All these languages are spoken as a mother tongue in Nepal.

Q: Who is known as the mother of Nepal?

Ans: Megha Kumari Rajya is the mother of Nepal.

Q: How many days does Nepal take to travel?

A: Nepal is a one-day trip itself. Nepal is a small country and it is easily able to cover all things in a day.

Q: What is the capital of Nepal?

A: The capital of Nepal is ‘Kathmandu’. Kathmandu is the largest city.

Q: What is the emblem of Nepal’s national flag?

A: Himalayan Monal is the symbol of the national flag of Nepal. The Himalayan Monal is the national bird of Nepal. This bird is also known as Danfe in Nepali language.

Q: Are Nepal and India two different countries?

A: Yes. India and Nepal are two different countries. Nepal is located at the border of India. After independence in 1947, Nepal and India became separate countries.

Q: Is it necessary to change the currency in Nepal?

A: Yes. If you are from another country, then you must change your national currency with the Nepali currency. There are many shops where you can change the currency. The Indian currency is applicable there but some notes are not. The 500 Rupee note and 200 rupee note are not applicable there.

Q: How many colors are present in Nepal’s national flag?

A: The Nepal’s flag is a combination of two pennons. Blue and red colors are present in the flag. It is a symbol of the Himalayan Monol. It is a national bird of Nepal.

2 thoughts on “Travel Guide: The Beautiful Landlocked Country of Nepal

  1. Nice article. This helped me in getting complete knowledge of Nepal. Keep writing this way so that it help everyone. Awesome bro 👍🏻👍🏻

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