An image describes bitcoin mining

What Is Cryptocurrency Mining?

If you are a newbie to cryptocurrency mining, your question is what bitcoins mean. The writing walks you through the basics of this industry before going further by investing in virtual coins. Bitcoins are digital money or virtual currency that cryptography secures to make counterfeiting and double spending impossible. In addition, many cryptocurrency transactions work on decentralized networks based on blockchain technology. Blockchain collects and puts details of a person in groups and is a kind of distributed ledger used by digital coins. The distributed ledger contains data shared and synchronized across multiple institutions and sites and accessed by many people. The distributed ledger is quite the opposite of the centralized ledger that all companies have used. The centralized ledge is vulnerable to cyber access and fraud because it contains a point of failure. If one end of a system fails, it’ll stop the whole system right away.

From the definition of cryptocurrencies, you see their transactions exist outside the management of the government or the central authority. It renders it immune to government interference theoretically, leading to its preferable use in criminal activities. The disadvantages of bitcoins include generating a disturbance in the industry of finance and law. Also, if you want to invest in digital currency, you need the support of crypto miners and pay for them. And their prices fluctuate with the market, or what we call the high volatility of a price. You can find some of their advantages as follows. Bitcoin transactions are faster and cheaper than traditional ones like those of financial institutions. In addition, you can see the innovative features of blockchain or a distributed ledger that generates fidelity and security. For example, the transaction between a buyer and seller goes directly without the presence of a third party.

Meaning of Cryptocurrencies

Definition of the crypto
Meaning of Bitcoin. Credit:

Virtual tokens are digital money with the support of a cryptographic system. The practical use of this kind of virtual coin is to make an online payment without a third party. The name “crypto” suggests an encryption algorithm and cryptographic system. When you want to purchase or mine crypto in a bitcoin transaction, cryptocurrency mining occurs during the route by which a new bitcoin comes into circulation. The process takes the pain and requires cost and reward. As mining has attracted investors who want to deal with this business, investors give miners rewards for their mining activities. Investors have to evaluate what crypto to buy and how to make a transaction. That is a bitcoin exchange. Thus, trading works like a broker who provides you with a tool to buy or sell digital coins such as Bitcoin and Ethereum.

Your bitcoin transaction is good if it is easy to buy or sell what you need at a low price and with robust security features. To be successful, you keep in mind that there are many scams and frauds out there. The first thing to think about is a legal service. So, you have to search for a physical address related to the cryptocurrency.  If there is no address, there is no guarantee in terms of transparency; you don’t know where to deal with it if there is a problem. Next, if you don’t know where your exchange is happening, you are not aware of the legal ramification of your trading. Last but not least, if you should get your account hacked, you have a physical address to deal with the exchange or regulator. It’s because you have the physical address.

Types of Cryptocurrencies

Some types of cryptos
Types of Cryptos. Credit:

Bitcoins are popular and valuable digital coins. Satoshi Nakamoto is the inventor of cryptocurrency and gained the public spotlight worldwide through a white paper in 2008. Up to date, there are thousands of bitcoins available on the market. Every crypto has different specifications and features. Bitcoin appeared on the market in 2009 and has remained popular and widely traded. As of May 2022, more than 19 million bitcoins are in circulation, with a market cap of roughly $576 billion. However, specialists expect 21 billion bitcoin will exist. In the wake of Bitcoin’s appearance, there are many other cryptocurrencies, named alcoins. In addition, some of them are clones or folks of Bitcoin, some are new crypto, launched from scratch. They are Solana, Litecoin, Ethereum, Cardano, and EOS.

In addition to Bitcoin in cryptocurrency mining, you can have Etherium. Vitalik Buterin came up with Etherium and launched a white paper to introduce this crypto in 2014. A year later, Buterin and Joe Lubin, founders of the blockchain software company ConsenSys, provided the Etherium platform. They are the first pioneers to consider the full potential of blockchain technology within the secure online payment method. Etherium is a decentralized global software platform enforced by blockchain technology. Investors use it to create secure digital technology and blockchain systems to pay for work done on the blockchain. Although Bitcoin and Etherium have some similarities, they have different long-term limitations and visions.

Is Cryptocurrency Mining Legal?

A question is legal crypto
Is Crypto Legal? Credit:

As you may know, fiat money has its authority from the monetary authorities or the government. For instance, every dollar you spend is supported by the Federal Reserve. However, cryptocurrencies don’t have any support from public or private entities like fiat currency. Hence, it can’t have any legal status within different financial jurisdictions in the world. The legal status of bitcoins has influenced their daily use in trading and transactions. In particular, the Government of El Salvador allows the use of bitcoins as legal tender in all transactions. However, the use of this kind of money varies in different countries. For example, the European Union allows the use of bitcoins. It has launched a Crypto-Assets regulation that provides safeguards for regulation. Also, it releases rules for companies and vendors.

The United States is the largest and most powerful financial market in the industry. You can find many crypto derivatives available on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. The Securities and Exchange Commission has indicated that both Bitcoin and Ethereum are not securities. Although the US Government doesn’t treat cryptocurrencies as a type of fiat money, the Internal Revenue Service considers them as financial property or assets. If your cryptocurrency mining earns profits, the government wants to get some of your revenue. It means that you have to pay taxes on your profits. On May 20, 2021, the US Treasury gave an announcement that investors in cryptocurrency mining have to report their crypto transactions. The tax payment depends on how long investors retain their currency and their transaction must be more than $10,000.

Is Cryptocurrency Mining Safe?

Crypto Mining Is Safe?
Is Crypto Mining Safe? Credit:

Some think cryptocurrencies are unstable investments because they have high losses due to scams, hacks, and bugs. However, bitcoin provides investors with security and safety, but newbies to the industry feel confused because of the technical complexity of storing digital assets. Bitcoin investors don’t only pay attention to market risks and speculative bitcoins, but are aware of the risks below:

User Risks:

Unlike traditional transactions, you don’t have any method to reverse or cancel a crypto transaction after you have realized it. In addition, some users can’t access bitcoins due to losing or forgetting passwords or they send wrong addresses.

Regulatory Risks:

Some of the cryptocurrencies incur unclear status. Some governments are looking for a way to treat them as securities or currencies or both. Any changes in regulations would lead to a disturbance in crypto transactions, producing the consequence of an industrywide price drop.

Counterparty Risks:

Many people deal with transactions of bitcoins at trading exchanges or their custodians, who store their digital tokens. There may be theft or loss caused by third parties, which leads to an investor’s loss of investment.

Management Risks:

Partly because the government doesn’t treat cryptocurrency as fiat money, they don’t have any law to protect investors in this field. Thus, investors of digital assets don’t have enough protection against unethical or deceptive management practices. Some investors lose a large amount of crypto because their management teams fail to provide a productive product.

Programming Risks:

Many exchange trading platforms make automated smart contracts to keep an eye on the movement of investors’ deposits. If one of the platforms has a bug or exploit in the program, it leads to the loss of a user’s investment.

Although investors may have these aforementioned risks, they still benefit from bitcoin mining because the prices of cryptocurrencies have seen an incredible leap. Many assume these risks in the first stage of crypto investment, they are able to create a major digital asset. Thus, the crypto market has grown over time.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Cryptocurrency Mining

Pros and Cons of Cryptos
Advantages and Disadvantages of Cryptos. Credit:

The use of cryptocurrencies is a goal to renew financial infrastructure. However, there are tradeoffs in the revolution. At the existing stage of growth for digital money, users find many differences between the practical implementation and the theoretical ideal of the system. Below are some advantages and disadvantages of the use of cryptocurrencies:

Advantages of bitcoin transactions:

  • The introduction of cryptocurrency brought a decentralized model for fiat money. In this structure, centralized intermediaries like banks or financial institutions are obligatory to participate in any transactions. Therefore, it avoids the possibility of a point of failure.
  • As there isn’t interference from the third party, bitcoin transactions between a seller and a buyer are faster than traditional ones. For instance, loans in a decentralized system take place within a second without backing collateral.
  • Prices of cryptocurrencies have skyrocketed during the past years, leading to considerably profitable investments.
  • In remittance, the use of cryptocurrencies reveals their prominent edge. For example, Bitcoin serves as the intermediate money to push money transfers among countries. The process is that fiat money is exchanged into Bitcoin, transferred and exchanged for fiat money at the end. This is a method the criminal uses to avoid the control of the government.

    Disadvantages of bitcoin transactions:

    • Although the form of cryptocurrency transaction is anonymous, the Federal Bureau of Investigation can decipher a digital trail. And it creates the possibility the government can track down the bitcoin transaction of an investor.
    • Digital money has been a popular tool for criminal activities, including money laundering or illicit trading. Additionally, hackers can use harmful programs, for instance, ransomware or exploit, to steal the bitcoins of investors.
    • Anyone can use a computer with a high-quality internet connection to mine cryptocurrencies. However, cryptocurrency mining requires huge energy and sometimes it is equal to the energy the whole nation consumes.
    • The concern an investor has is crypto repositories like exchanges and wallets because hackers can use them to steal an investor’s digital assets.
    • An investor may suffer a loss of investment because bitcoin trading has sometimes seen volatility in the price. For example, Bitcoin climbed to as high as over $17,000 in December 2017 and dropped to around $7,000 just after 3 months.

    Process of bitcoin trading

    A chart showing the change of bitcoins' values
    Chart of Bitcoin Values. Credit:

    There are three channels where you can trade cryptocurrencies on popular exchanges, including Coinbase, apps like Cash App, or brokers. Also, you can trade cryptocurrencies through financial derivatives. Cryptocurrency brings a new model for money with the goal of streamlining the current financial infrastructure. They make a difference in trading and make sure two-party transactions are faster and cheaper. Their architecture and technology decentralize traditional monetary systems. In addition, they make two-sided exchanges independent of intermediary financial institutions like banks. The process of crypto mining includes downloading specialized apps or software. The software reveals all the history of trading that has taken place in its network. So anyone can mine bitcoins with a computer and a stable internet connection.  The energy and resource-related natures of mining indicate the domination of mining in the industry.

    As you may know, the most popular cryptocurrency is Bitcoin. And the following include Ethereum, Binance Coin, Solana, and Cardano. The Securities Exchange Commission of the United States indicated that Bitcoin and Ethereum, the top two digital money by market cap, are not securities. However, they don’t have any comments on the status of other bitcoins. Cryptography secures digital assets such as cryptocurrencies. The relatively new technology is highly speculative. So you need to know the risks or losses before putting your digital money into the investment.

    Cryptocurrencies are digital assets that are secured by cryptography. As a relatively new technology, they are highly speculative, and it is important to understand the risks involved before making an investment.


    Although cryptocurrency may bring you a huge benefit from the investment in digital money, you should be careful before trading any bitcoins. Sometimes, bitcoins raise their values at rocket speed and plunge to the bottom of their value on the brink. In other words, crypto investment or bitcoin trading is highly speculative and risky. Therefore, you shouldn’t invest your fiat money in this kind of business. If you want to join the market, you must spend your time understanding crypto for a while. In addition, you should get the consultation of a qualified professional in the industry before deciding to put money in.

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